kernel BUG at fs/sysfs/group.c:65!

From: Weng Meiling
Date: Thu Oct 09 2014 - 08:44:26 EST

Hi guys,

I see the mails you discussed the BUG at fs/sysfs/group.c:65! triggered by duplicated sysfs link.

the detail mail:

but it seems the problems has no conclusion. In our environment, we triggered the bug too, but for error ENOENT:

we use 3.4 kernel, and do virtual disk device create / remove for many times. Before remove we can see the devices:

#ll /sys/devices/virtual/block/
drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 0 Oct 6 09:17 sd-1a
drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 0 Oct 6 09:17 sd-2a

when the two virtual devices were removed, the directory block/ was delete too.

after many times create / remove, the kernel trigger the bug (just the main call trace):

[ 3965.441713] WARNING: at /usr/src/packages/BUILD/linux-3.4/lib/kobject.c:202 kobject_add_internal+0x11f/0x280()
[ 3965.441716] Hardware name: Romley
[ 3965.441718] kobject_add_internal failed for sd-1a (error: -2 parent: block)

[ 3965.441817] Call Trace:
[ 3965.441820] [<ffffffff8103717a>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7a/0xb0
[ 3965.441823] [<ffffffff81037251>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x41/0x50
[ 3965.441826] [<ffffffff81215e0f>] kobject_add_internal+0x11f/0x280
[ 3965.441830] [<ffffffff81216267>] kobject_add+0x67/0xc0
[ 3965.441833] [<ffffffff812d2305>] device_add+0x105/0x6d0
[ 3965.441836] [<ffffffff812d0dbc>] ? dev_set_name+0x3c/0x40
[ 3965.441839] [<ffffffff812030ac>] add_disk+0x1bc/0x490

[ 3965.441912] kernel BUG at /usr/src/packages/BUILD/linux-3.4/fs/sysfs/group.c:65!
[ 3965.441915] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
[ 3965.686738] Call Trace:
[ 3965.686743] [<ffffffff811a677e>] sysfs_create_group+0xe/0x10
[ 3965.686748] [<ffffffff810cfb04>] blk_trace_init_sysfs+0x14/0x20
[ 3965.686753] [<ffffffff811fcabb>] blk_register_queue+0x3b/0x120
[ 3965.686756] [<ffffffff812030bc>] add_disk+0x1cc/0x490

from the error "kobject_add_internal failed for sd-1a (error: -2 parent: block)", we found that the first
warning was caused by the disk device's parent_sd was null when it was added into sysfs:

int sysfs_create_dir(struct kobject * kobj)
if (kobj->parent)
parent_sd = kobj->parent->sd;
parent_sd = &sysfs_root;

if (!parent_sd)
return -ENOENT;

The virtual disk device was not added into sysfs because of the above failure, and the kobj->sd was
not set, then trigger the bug when creating attribute group under the device's directory:

static int internal_create_group(struct kobject *kobj, int update,
const struct attribute_group *grp)
BUG_ON(!kobj || (!update && !kobj->sd));

Walk the code, it seems there maybe a race between block/ remove and virtual disk devices' register:

when the two virtual devices were removed, the block/ directory's refcount became 0, will into:

path0(remove the block/) path1(register virtual device sd-1a)

kobject_del(){ get_device_parent(){
... ...
sysfs_remove_dir(kobj); //kobj->sd=0 spin_lock(&dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list_lock);
... <========= list_for_each_entry(k, &dev->class->p->glue_dirs.list, entry) //get parent kobject from kset list
kobj_kset_leave(kobj); //remove kobj from kset list ...
} }

If getting parent object between " kobj->sd=0 " and "remove_kset_leave(kobj)", the sysfs_create_dir() will return ENOENT and trigger the BUG later.

The lastest kernel seems to be the same. But I am not familiar with block device, I am not sure whether the analysis is right or I am missing something.
what do you think about this situation? Any suggestion is appreciative. Thanks!

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