Re: [PATCH] ARM: keystone: add bus notifier to set dma_pfn_offset for pci devices

From: Murali Karicheri
Date: Fri Oct 10 2014 - 11:54:28 EST

On 10/10/2014 11:42 AM, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
On Fri, Oct 10, 2014 at 11:29:03AM -0400, Santosh Shilimkar wrote:

On 10/10/14 11:15 AM, Murali Karicheri wrote:
When PCI device driver such as that for e1000e tries to set dma mask
using dma_set_mask_and_coherent(), it fails because the dma_pfn_offset
is incorrect on a Keystone SoC. This patch fix this by adding a bus
notifier to set this correctly for PCI devices.

Signed-off-by: Murali Karicheri<m-karicheri2@xxxxxx>
Looks good. I will pick this up after the merge window.

No it doesn't, this patch is crap. Really. Let's look again at what the
patch is doing:

if (platform_nb.notifier_call)
+ if (platform_nb.notifier_call)
+ bus_register_notifier(&pci_bus_type,&platform_nb);

Notice that both calls are using the same platform_nb structure, which is:

static struct notifier_block platform_nb;

and in turn this is:

struct notifier_block {
notifier_fn_t notifier_call;
struct notifier_block __rcu *next;
int priority;

Notice that "next" pointer - these blocks are used as a single-linked list.
So, this block gets registered for the platform bus, and is inserted into
that bus notifier chain. That means "next" may be set to a non-NULL
next notifier block.

Then it gets registered against the PCI bus, which *will* overwrite the
next pointer in platform_nb.

There are several side effects from this:

1. Any subsequent notifiers on the platform bus which come after _this_
notifier are now orphaned, and will never be called.

2. Any subsequent notifiers on the PCI bus list which come after _this_
notifier will now also be called for the platform bus.

3. Subsequent notifiers registered against either list which are sorted
after _this_ notifier will be attached to _both_ lists.

In other words, this patch totally screws up the notifier lists for both
buses, and while it may not be immediately obvious, if any of the above
three scenarios occur, it will probably be very confusing to debug.

So, one hell of a big NAK on this patch.

Moreover, I have to ask why there wasn't some research done first into
how notifiers work *before* writing this code, specifically to find out
whether it is safe to register the same notifier block simultaneously
onto two lists.

Thanks Russel for the comments. I didn't see any issues when I tested my PCI driver with this patch, but as you have pointed out there are side effects. I will work to address your concerns.


Murali Karicheri
Linux Kernel, Texas Instruments
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