Re: [PATCH v2 2/2] epoll: introduce EPOLLEXCLUSIVE and EPOLLROUNDROBIN

From: Jason Baron
Date: Wed Feb 18 2015 - 22:26:16 EST

On 02/18/2015 12:51 PM, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>> [...] However, I think the userspace API change is less
>>> clear since epoll_wait() doesn't currently have an
>>> 'input' events argument as epoll_ctl() does.
>> ... but the change would be a bit clearer and somewhat
>> more flexible: LIFO or FIFO queueing, right?
>> But having the queueing model as part of the epoll
>> context is a legitimate approach as well.
> Btw., there's another optimization that the networking code
> already does when processing incoming packets: waking up a
> thread on the local CPU, where the wakeup is running.
> Doing the same on epoll would have real scalability
> advantages where incoming events are IRQ driven and are
> distributed amongst multiple CPUs.
> Where events are task driven the scheduler will already try
> to pair up waker and wakee so it might not show up in
> measurements that markedly.

Right, so this makes me think that we may want to potentially
support a variety of wakeup policies. Adding these to the
generic wake up code is just going to be too messy. So, perhaps
a better approach here would be to register a single
wait_queue_t with the event source queue that will always
be woken up, and then layer any epoll balancing/irq affinity
policies on top of that. So in essence we end up with sort of
two queues layers, but I think it provides much nicer isolation
between layers. Also, the bulk of the changes are going to be
isolated to the epoll code, and we avoid Andy's concern about
missing, or starving out wakeups.

So here's a stab at how this API could look:

1. ep1 = epoll_create1(EPOLL_POLICY);

So EPOLL_POLICY here could the round robin policy described
here, or the irq affinity or other ideas. The idea is to create
an fd that is local to the process, such that other processes
can not subsequently attach to it and affect our policy.

2. epoll_ctl(ep1, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, fd_source, NULL);

This associates ep1 with the event source. ep1 can be
associated with or added to at most 1 wakeup source. This call
would largely just form the association, but not queue anything
to the fd_source wait queue.

3. epoll_ctl(ep2, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, ep1, event);
epoll_ctl(ep3, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, ep1, event);
epoll_ctl(ep4, EPOLL_CTL_ADD, ep1, event);

Finally, we add the epoll sets to the event source (indirectly via
ep1). So the first add would actually queue the callback to the
fd_source. While the subsequent calls would simply queue things
to the 'nested' wakeup queue associated with ep1.

So any existing epoll/poll/select calls could be queued as well
to fd_source and will operate independenly from this mechanism,
as the fd_source queue continues to be 'wake all'. Also, there
should be no changes necessary to __wake_up_common(), other
than potentially passing more back though the
wait_queue_func_t, such as 'nr_exclusive'.



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