Re: [PATCH v2] x86: fix output of show_stack_log_lvl()

From: Joe Perches
Date: Fri Feb 20 2015 - 12:40:28 EST

On Fri, 2015-02-20 at 12:05 -0500, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> On Thu, 19 Feb 2015 21:13:29 -0800
> Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Feb 19, 2015 8:45 PM, "Steven Rostedt" <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > >
> > > This looks like a bug in printk(). Why doesn't pr_cont() continue? It
> > > shouldn't care if there's a newline or not. pr_cont() is supposed to
> > > continue whatever the last printk log level was.
> >
> > pr_cont() should continue the current line. If there was a behind, and it's
> > a new line, then pr_cont() is meaningless.
> Ah, you are right. I got confused by the lack of comments around
> pr_cont. Now KERN_CONT is nicely commented, but unfortunately that
> comment exists in a different file.
> How about adding the below patch so people like me wont get confused
> again.
> -- Steve
> printk: Comment pr_cont() stating it is only to continue a line
> KERN_CONT is nicely commented in kern_levels.h, but pr_cont() is now
> used more often, and it lacks the comment stating what it is used for.
> It can be confused as continuing the log level, but that is not its
> purpose. It's purpose is to continue a line that had no newline
> enclosed. This should be documented by pr_cont() as well.
> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>
> ---
> diff --git a/include/linux/printk.h b/include/linux/printk.h
> index 4d5bf57..937d2f3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/printk.h
> +++ b/include/linux/printk.h
> @@ -255,6 +255,11 @@ extern asmlinkage void dump_stack(void) __cold;
> printk(KERN_NOTICE pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__)
> #define pr_info(fmt, ...) \
> printk(KERN_INFO pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__)
> +/*
> + * Like KERN_CONT, pr_cont() should only be used when continuing
> + * a line with no newline ('\n') enclosed. Otherwise it defaults
> + * back to KERN_DEFAULT.
> + */

The first sentence is basically true though the
"enclosed" use is at best awkward.
Maybe "closing" or "terminating" is better.

There are still a few dozen uses of this pattern:

pr_info("Some message line 1\nNext line: ");
for (...)
pr_cont(" part %d", i);

The second sentence is not true.

KERN_DEFAULT is an odd-ball variable level that likely
could be removed altogether. It's like a naked printk,
but if the last emitted char is not a newline, one is

How about something like:

Use pr_cont() when continuing a message that does
not end in a '\n'. Do not use pr_cont when continuing
a dynamic_debug type message.

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