[PATCH] mm: incorporate zero pages into transparent huge pages fix

From: Andrea Arcangeli
Date: Fri Feb 20 2015 - 12:08:57 EST

After applying the "incorporate zero pages into transparent huge
pages" feature, I've got an oops on a overnight stress test:

------------[ cut here ]------------
kernel BUG at mm/huge_memory.c:1920!
invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
Modules linked in: tun usbhid snd_hda_codec_realtek x86_pkg_temp_thermal snd_hda_codec_generic kvm_intel kvm snd_hda_intel crc32c_intel snd_hda_controller ghash_clmulni_intel xhci_pci snd_hda_codec xhci_hcd ehci_pci ehci_hcd snd_pcm usbcore psmouse sr_mod snd_timer snd cdrom pcspkr usb_common [last unloaded: microcode]
CPU: 4 PID: 4250 Comm: Analysis Helper Not tainted 3.19.0+ #5
Hardware name: /DH61BE, BIOS BEH6110H.86A.0120.2013.1112.1412 11/12/2013
task: ffff88040c520840 ti: ffff880406070000 task.ti: ffff880406070000
RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff811ad362>] [<ffffffff811ad362>] split_huge_page_to_list+0x6a2/0x7c0
RSP: 0018:ffff880406073c58 EFLAGS: 00010282
RAX: 8000000163b2f067 RBX: ffff880406ac5f90 RCX: ffff880404f70978
RDX: ffffea0000000000 RSI: ffff880404f70000 RDI: 8000000163b2f047
RBP: ffff880408de25c0 R08: 00000000058ecbc0 R09: 00007f2dfe52f000
R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 00007f2dfe600000 R12: 00007f2dfe400000
R13: 0000000404f70067 R14: ffffc00000000fff R15: ffff8800d04da2e0
FS: 00007f2e12168700(0000) GS:ffff88041f300000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
CR2: 00007f03b9871000 CR3: 0000000407c9d000 CR4: 00000000000427e0
ffff880406073d08 00000007f2dfe400 00007f2d00000001 ffff880407f2dcd0
ffffea00058e8000 ffff880400000000 00000000058e8000 ffffffff81b8bf40
0000000000000004 ffffea00101ab170 ffff880408d273e8 ffff880406ac5f90
Call Trace:
[<ffffffff811add6a>] ? __split_huge_page_pmd+0xfa/0x2a0
[<ffffffff811838b2>] ? unmap_single_vma+0x2b2/0x810
[<ffffffff810c658b>] ? try_to_wake_up+0xbb/0x2d0
[<ffffffff81104df8>] ? get_futex_key+0x1c8/0x2c0
[<ffffffff81184969>] ? zap_page_range+0x89/0xe0
[<ffffffff81187150>] ? handle_mm_fault+0xe70/0x1110
[<ffffffff810cdd2e>] ? set_next_entity+0x4e/0x60
[<ffffffff811899bc>] ? find_vma+0x5c/0x70
[<ffffffff81195be3>] ? SyS_madvise+0x4f3/0x760
[<ffffffff8177d192>] ? system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x17
Code: ff ff 0f 1f 80 00 00 00 00 c7 44 24 10 00 00 00 00 e9 ef fa ff ff b8 01 00 00 00 e9 3f fb ff ff 48 83 c8 40 e9 f7 fe ff ff 0f 0b <0f> 0b 48 c7 c6 28 b8 a0 81 4c 89 f7 e8 8d 3c fd ff 0f 0b 48 8b
RIP [<ffffffff811ad362>] split_huge_page_to_list+0x6a2/0x7c0
RSP <ffff880406073c58>
---[ end trace 6ca92529e1de43ba ]---

The oops happens here:


In short when we do the split_huge_page_map we withdraw from the
pgtable deposit of the MM and we find that pgtable isn't fully zero.

That is most certainly because we didn't clear it if it was a zero
page before putting it in the deposit. This adds the pte_clear to fix
the bug.

The PT lock could be actually not be taken, as the pte is already
private to us and not visible to any other CPU (we'll be adding it to
the deposit later), but because it's private the lock can't create any
contention. Considering the paravirt calls (which also should be
superfluous) may end up being invoked and make assumptions, I thought
it was safer to keep the locking protocol the same, even if the
pgtable is already private. In order to drop it however, we should
drop it from the other path too. If we want to optimize away the lock
from both branches, it's better to do it in a separate patch.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@xxxxxxxxxx>
mm/huge_memory.c | 12 ++++++++++++
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)

diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index a63da02..f0207cf 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -2205,6 +2205,18 @@ static void __collapse_huge_page_copy(pte_t *pte, struct page *page,
if (pte_none(pteval) || is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(pteval))) {
clear_user_highpage(page, address);
add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES, 1);
+ if (is_zero_pfn(pte_pfn(pteval))) {
+ /*
+ * ptl mostly unnecessary.
+ */
+ spin_lock(ptl);
+ /*
+ * paravirt calls inside pte_clear here are
+ * superfluous.
+ */
+ pte_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, _pte);
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
+ }
} else {
src_page = pte_page(pteval);
copy_user_highpage(page, src_page, address, vma);
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