[tip:x86/asm] x86/signal/64: Fix SS handling for signals delivered to 64-bit programs

From: tip-bot for Andy Lutomirski
Date: Tue Mar 17 2015 - 04:45:01 EST

Commit-ID: c6f2062935c8fcb31235799eaee8bcd5b649936b
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/c6f2062935c8fcb31235799eaee8bcd5b649936b
Author: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
AuthorDate: Thu, 12 Mar 2015 13:57:51 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
CommitDate: Tue, 17 Mar 2015 09:25:25 +0100

x86/signal/64: Fix SS handling for signals delivered to 64-bit programs

The comment in the signal code says that apps can save/restore
other segments on their own. It's true that apps can *save* SS
on their own, but there's no way for apps to restore it: SYSCALL
effectively resets SS to __USER_DS, so any value that user code
tries to load into SS gets lost on entry to sigreturn.

This recycles two padding bytes in the segment selector area for SS.

While we're at it, we need a second change to make this useful.

If the signal we're delivering is caused by a bad SS value,
saving that value isn't enough. We need to remove that bad
value from the regs before we try to deliver the signal. Oddly,
the i386 code already got this right.

I suspect that 64-bit programs that try to run 16-bit code and
use signals will have a lot of trouble without this.

Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@xxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Borislav Petkov <bp@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/405594361340a2ec32f8e2b115c142df0e180d8e.1426193719.git.luto@xxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/include/asm/sigcontext.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/signal.c | 22 +++++++++++++---------
3 files changed, 15 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/sigcontext.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/sigcontext.h
index 9dfce4e..f910cdc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/sigcontext.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/sigcontext.h
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ struct sigcontext {
unsigned short cs;
unsigned short gs;
unsigned short fs;
- unsigned short __pad0;
+ unsigned short ss;
unsigned long err;
unsigned long trapno;
unsigned long oldmask;
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
index d8b9f90..076b11f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
@@ -179,7 +179,7 @@ struct sigcontext {
__u16 cs;
__u16 gs;
__u16 fs;
- __u16 __pad0;
+ __u16 ss;
__u64 err;
__u64 trapno;
__u64 oldmask;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
index e504246..e2f6061 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
@@ -94,15 +94,8 @@ int restore_sigcontext(struct pt_regs *regs, struct sigcontext __user *sc,
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
-#else /* !CONFIG_X86_32 */
- /* Kernel saves and restores only the CS segment register on signals,
- * which is the bare minimum needed to allow mixed 32/64-bit code.
- * App's signal handler can save/restore other segments if needed. */
- COPY_SEG_CPL3(cs);
-#endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */

get_user_ex(tmpflags, &sc->flags);
regs->flags = (regs->flags & ~FIX_EFLAGS) | (tmpflags & FIX_EFLAGS);
@@ -164,6 +157,7 @@ int setup_sigcontext(struct sigcontext __user *sc, void __user *fpstate,
put_user_ex(regs->cs, &sc->cs);
put_user_ex(0, &sc->gs);
put_user_ex(0, &sc->fs);
+ put_user_ex(regs->ss, &sc->ss);
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */

put_user_ex(fpstate, &sc->fpstate);
@@ -457,9 +451,19 @@ static int __setup_rt_frame(int sig, struct ksignal *ksig,

regs->sp = (unsigned long)frame;

- /* Set up the CS register to run signal handlers in 64-bit mode,
- even if the handler happens to be interrupting 32-bit code. */
+ /*
+ * Set up the CS and SS registers to run signal handlers in
+ * 64-bit mode, even if the handler happens to be interrupting
+ * 32-bit or 16-bit code.
+ *
+ * SS is subtle. In 64-bit mode, we don't need any particular
+ * SS descriptor, but we do need SS to be valid. It's possible
+ * that the old SS is entirely bogus -- this can happen if the
+ * signal we're trying to deliver is #GP or #SS caused by a bad
+ * SS value.
+ */
regs->cs = __USER_CS;
+ regs->ss = __USER_DS;

return 0;
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