Re: [PATCH V6] Allow compaction of unevictable pages

From: David Rientjes
Date: Thu Mar 19 2015 - 15:42:51 EST

On Thu, 19 Mar 2015, Eric B Munson wrote:

> Currently, pages which are marked as unevictable are protected from
> compaction, but not from other types of migration. The POSIX real time
> extension explicitly states that mlock() will prevent a major page
> fault, but the spirit of is is that mlock() should give a process the
> ability to control sources of latency, including minor page faults.
> However, the mlock manpage only explicitly says that a locked page will
> not be written to swap and this can cause some confusion. The
> compaction code today, does not give a developer who wants to avoid swap
> but wants to have large contiguous areas available any method to achieve
> this state. This patch introduces a sysctl for controlling compaction
> behavoir with respect to the unevictable lru. Users that demand no page
> faults after a page is present can set compact_unevictable to 0 and
> users who need the large contiguous areas can enable compaction on
> locked memory by leaving the default value of 1.
> To illustrate this problem I wrote a quick test program that mmaps a
> large number of 1MB files filled with random data. These maps are
> created locked and read only. Then every other mmap is unmapped and I
> attempt to allocate huge pages to the static huge page pool. When the
> compact_unevictable sysctl is 0, I cannot allocate hugepages after
> fragmenting memory. When the value is set to 1, allocations succeed.
> Signed-off-by: Eric B Munson <emunson@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@xxxxxxx>
> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@xxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@xxxxxxx>
> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxx>
> Cc: linux-rt-users@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Cc: linux-mm@xxxxxxxxx
> Cc: linux-api@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Cc: linux-kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@xxxxxxxxxx>
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