Re: [PATCH urgent v2] x86, asm: Disable opportunistic SYSRET if regs->flags has TF set
From: Denys Vlasenko
Date: Thu Apr 02 2015 - 06:07:26 EST
On 04/02/2015 11:07 AM, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> When I wrote the opportunistic SYSRET code, I missed an important
>> difference between SYSRET and IRET. Both instructions are capable
>> of setting EFLAGS.TF, but they behave differently when doing so.
>> IRET will not issue a #DB trap after execution when it sets TF This
>> is critical -- otherwise you'd never be able to make forward
>> progress when returning to userspace. SYSRET, on the other hand,
>> will trap with #DB immediately after returning to CPL3, and the next
>> instruction will never execute.
>> This breaks anything that opportunistically SYSRETs to a user
>> context with TF set. For example, running this code with TF set and
>> a SIGTRAP handler loaded never gets past post_nop.
>> extern unsigned char post_nop;
>> asm volatile ("pushfq\n\t"
>> "popq %%r11\n\t"
>> : : "c" (post_nop) : "r11");
>> In my defense, I can't find this documented in the AMD or Intel
>> Fix it by using IRET to restore TF.
>> Fixes: 2a23c6b8a9c4 x86_64, entry: Use sysret to return to userspace when possible
>> Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> This affects 4.0-rc as well as -tip. A full test case lives here:
>> It's called single_step_syscall_64.
>> On Intel systems, the 32-bit version of that test fails for unrelated
>> reasons, but that's not a regression, and fixing it will be much more
>> Changes from v1:
>> - Remove mention of testl from changelog.
>> - Improve comment per Denys' suggestion.
>> arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S | 16 +++++++++++++++-
>> 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
>> index 750c6efcb718..537716380959 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
>> @@ -715,7 +715,21 @@ retint_swapgs: /* return to user-space */
>> cmpq %r11,EFLAGS(%rsp) /* R11 == RFLAGS */
>> jne opportunistic_sysret_failed
>> - testq $X86_EFLAGS_RF,%r11 /* sysret can't restore RF */
>> + /*
>> + * SYSRET can't restore RF. SYSRET can restore TF, but unlike IRET,
>> + * restoring TF results in a trap from userspace immediately after
>> + * SYSRET. This would cause an infinite loop whenever #DB happens
>> + * with register state that satisfies the opportunistic SYSRET
>> + * conditions. For example, single-stepping this user code:
>> + *
>> + * movq $stuck_here,%rcx
>> + * pushfq
>> + * popq %r11
>> + * stuck_here:
>> + *
>> + * would never get past stuck_here.
>> + */
>> + testq $(X86_EFLAGS_RF|X86_EFLAGS_TF),%r11
>> jnz opportunistic_sysret_failed
> So I merged this as it's an obvious bugfix, but in hindsight I'm
> really uneasy about the whole opportunistic SYSRET concept: it appears
> that the chance that %rcx matches return-%rip is astronomical - this
> is why this bug wasn't noticed live so far.
> So should we really be doing this?
Andy does this not for the off-chance that userspace's RCX
is equal to return address and R11 == RFLAGS. The chances of that
are astronomically small.
This code path triggers when ptrace/audit/seccomp is active.
Instead of torturing ourselves trying to not divert into IRET return,
now code is steered that way. But then immediately before
actual IRET, we check again: "do we really need IRET?"
IOW "did ptrace really touch pt_regs->ss? ->flags? ->rip? ->rcx?"
which in vast majority of cases will not be true.
Since paranoiacs of Selinux managed to convince many distros
to run with Selinux enabled, many machines in fact run
with at least some on audit machinery *always active*.
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