Re: [EDT] oom_killer: find bulkiest task based on pss value

From: yalin wang
Date: Fri May 08 2015 - 03:47:30 EST

2015-05-08 13:29 GMT+08:00 Yogesh Narayan Gaur <yn.gaur@xxxxxxxxxxx>:
> EP-2DAD0AFA905A4ACB804C4F82A001242F
> Hi Andrew,
> Presently in oom_kill.c we calculate badness score of the victim task as per the present RSS counter value of the task.
> RSS counter value for any task is usually '[Private (Dirty/Clean)] + [Shared (Dirty/Clean)]' of the task.
> We have encountered a situation where values for Private fields are less but value for Shared fields are more and hence make total RSS counter value large. Later on oom situation killing task with highest RSS value but as Private field values are not large hence memory gain after killing this process is not as per the expectation.
> For e.g. take below use-case scenario, in which 3 process are running in system.
> All these process done mmap for file exist in present directory and then copying data from this file to local allocated pointers in while(1) loop with some sleep. Out of 3 process, 2 process has mmaped file with MAP_SHARED setting and one has mapped file with MAP_PRIVATE setting.
> I have all 3 processes in background and checks RSS/PSS value from user space utility (utility over cat /proc/pid/smaps)
> Before OOM, below is the consumed memory status for these 3 process (all processes run with oom_score_adj = 0)
> ====================================================
> Comm : 1prg, Pid : 213 (values in kB)
> Rss Shared Private Pss
> Process : 375764 194596 181168 278460
> ====================================================
> Comm : 3prg, Pid : 217 (values in kB)
> Rss Shared Private Pss
> Process : 305760 32 305728 305738
> ====================================================
> Comm : 2prg, Pid : 218 (values in kB)
> Rss Shared Private Pss
> Process : 389980 194596 195384 292676
> ====================================================
> Thus as per present code design, first it would select process [2prg : 218] as bulkiest process as its RSS value is highest to kill. But if we kill this process then only ~195MB would be free as compare to expected ~389MB.
> Thus identifying the task based on RSS value is not accurate design and killing that identified process didnât release expected memory back to system.
> We need to calculate victim task based on PSS instead of RSS as PSS value calculates as
> PSS value = [Private (Dirty/Clean)] + [Shared (Dirty/Clean) / no. of shared task]
> For above use-case scenario also, it can be checked that process [3prg : 217] is having largest PSS value and by killing this process we can gain maximum memory (~305MB) as compare to killing process identified based on RSS value.
> --
> Regards,
> Yogesh Gaur.


in fact, i also encounter this scenario,
i use USS (page map counter == 1) pages
to decide which process should be killed,
seems have the same result as you use PSS,
but PSS is better , it also consider shared pages,
in case some process have large shared pages mapping
but little Private page mapping

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at
Please read the FAQ at