[PATCH v3] livepatch: Prevent to apply the patch once coming module notifier fails

From: Minfei Huang
Date: Tue May 12 2015 - 10:04:56 EST

The previous patches can be applied, once the corresponding module is
loaded. In general, the patch will do relocation (if necessary) and
obtain/verify function address before we start to enable patch.

There are three different situations in which the coming module notifier
can fail:

1) relocations are not applied for some reason. In this case kallsyms
for module symbol is not called at all. The patch is not applied to the
module. If the user disable and enable patch again, there is possible
bug in klp_enable_func. If the user specified func->old_addr for some
function in the module (and he shouldn't do that, but nevertheless) our
warning would not catch it, there will be something wrong with the

2) relocations are applied successfully, but kallsyms lookup fails. In
this case func->old_addr can be correct for all previous lookups, 0 for
current failed one, and "unspecified" for the rest. If we undergo the
same scenario as in 1, the behaviour differs for three cases, but the
patch is not enable anyway.

3) the object is initialized, but klp_enable_object fails in the
notifier due to possible ftrace error. Since it is improbable that
ftrace would heal itself in the future, we would get those errors
everytime the patch is enabled.

In order to fix above situations, we can make obj->mod to NULL, if the
coming modified notifier fails.

Signed-off-by: Minfei Huang <mnfhuang@xxxxxxxxx>
- add the error message to make it more friendly
- modify the commit log, base on the mbenes@xxxxxxx suggesting
- modify the commit log, describe the issue more details
kernel/livepatch/core.c | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++-----------
1 file changed, 20 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/livepatch/core.c b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
index 284e269..e60d7ab 100644
--- a/kernel/livepatch/core.c
+++ b/kernel/livepatch/core.c
@@ -883,7 +883,7 @@ int klp_register_patch(struct klp_patch *patch)

-static void klp_module_notify_coming(struct klp_patch *patch,
+static int klp_module_notify_coming(struct klp_patch *patch,
struct klp_object *obj)
struct module *pmod = patch->mod;
@@ -891,22 +891,24 @@ static void klp_module_notify_coming(struct klp_patch *patch,
int ret;

ret = klp_init_object_loaded(patch, obj);
- if (ret)
- goto err;
+ if (ret) {
+ pr_warn("failed to initialize the patch '%s' (%d)\n",
+ pmod->name, ret);
+ goto out;
+ }

if (patch->state == KLP_DISABLED)
- return;
+ goto out;

pr_notice("applying patch '%s' to loading module '%s'\n",
pmod->name, mod->name);

ret = klp_enable_object(obj);
- if (!ret)
- return;
- pr_warn("failed to apply patch '%s' to module '%s' (%d)\n",
- pmod->name, mod->name, ret);
+ if (ret)
+ pr_warn("failed to apply patch '%s' to module '%s' (%d)\n",
+ pmod->name, mod->name, ret);
+ return ret;

static void klp_module_notify_going(struct klp_patch *patch,
@@ -930,6 +932,7 @@ disabled:
static int klp_module_notify(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action,
void *data)
+ int ret;
struct module *mod = data;
struct klp_patch *patch;
struct klp_object *obj;
@@ -955,7 +958,13 @@ static int klp_module_notify(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long action,

if (action == MODULE_STATE_COMING) {
obj->mod = mod;
- klp_module_notify_coming(patch, obj);
+ ret = klp_module_notify_coming(patch, obj);
+ if (ret) {
+ obj->mod = NULL;
+ pr_warn("patch '%s' is dead, remove it "
+ "or re-install the module '%s'\n",
+ patch->mod->name, obj->name);
+ }
klp_module_notify_going(patch, obj);


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