Re: [RFC v3 1/4] fs: Add generic file system event notifications

From: Beata Michalska
Date: Mon Jun 22 2015 - 11:47:31 EST

On 06/20/2015 01:21 AM, Dave Chinner wrote:
> On Fri, Jun 19, 2015 at 07:28:11PM +0200, Beata Michalska wrote:
>> On 06/19/2015 02:03 AM, Dave Chinner wrote:
>>> On Thu, Jun 18, 2015 at 10:25:08AM +0200, Beata Michalska wrote:
>>>> On 06/18/2015 01:06 AM, Dave Chinner wrote:
>>>>> On Tue, Jun 16, 2015 at 03:09:30PM +0200, Beata Michalska wrote:
>>>>>> Introduce configurable generic interface for file
>>>>>> system-wide event notifications, to provide file
>>>>>> systems with a common way of reporting any potential
>>>>>> issues as they emerge.
>>>>>> The notifications are to be issued through generic
>>>>>> netlink interface by newly introduced multicast group.
>>>>>> Threshold notifications have been included, allowing
>>>>>> triggering an event whenever the amount of free space drops
>>>>>> below a certain level - or levels to be more precise as two
>>>>>> of them are being supported: the lower and the upper range.
>>>>>> The notifications work both ways: once the threshold level
>>>>>> has been reached, an event shall be generated whenever
>>>>>> the number of available blocks goes up again re-activating
>>>>>> the threshold.
>>>>>> The interface has been exposed through a vfs. Once mounted,
>>>>>> it serves as an entry point for the set-up where one can
>>>>>> register for particular file system events.
>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Beata Michalska <b.michalska@xxxxxxxxxxx>
>>>>> This has massive scalability problems:
>>> ....
>>>>> Have you noticed that the filesystems have percpu counters for
>>>>> tracking global space usage? There's good reason for that - taking a
>>>>> spinlock in such a hot accounting path causes severe contention.
>>> ....
>>>>> Then puts the entire netlink send path inside this spinlock, which
>>>>> includes memory allocation and all sorts of non-filesystem code
>>>>> paths. And it may be inside critical filesystem locks as well....
>>>>> Apart from the serialisation problem of the locking, adding
>>>>> memory allocation and the network send path to filesystem code
>>>>> that is effectively considered "innermost" filesystem code is going
>>>>> to have all sorts of problems for various filesystems. In the XFS
>>>>> case, we simply cannot execute this sort of function in the places
>>>>> where we update global space accounting.
>>>>> As it is, I think the basic concept of separate tracking of free
>>>>> space if fundamentally flawed. What I think needs to be done is that
>>>>> filesystems need access to the thresholds for events, and then the
>>>>> filesystems call fs_event_send_thresh() themselves from appropriate
>>>>> contexts (ie. without compromising locking, scalability, memory
>>>>> allocation recursion constraints, etc).
>>>>> e.g. instead of tracking every change in free space, a filesystem
>>>>> might execute this once every few seconds from a workqueue:
>>>>> event = fs_event_need_space_warning(sb, <fs_free_space>)
>>>>> if (event)
>>>>> fs_event_send_thresh(sb, event);
>>>>> User still gets warnings about space usage, but there's no runtime
>>>>> overhead or problems with lock/memory allocation contexts, etc.
>>>> Having fs to keep a firm hand on thresholds limits would indeed be
>>>> far more sane approach though that would require each fs to
>>>> add support for that and handle most of it on their own. Avoiding
>>>>> this was the main rationale behind this rfc.
>>>> If fs people agree to that, I'll be more than willing to drop this
>>>> in favour of the per-fs tracking solution.
>>>> Personally, I hope they will.
>>> I was hoping that you'd think a little more about my suggestion and
>>> work out how to do background threshold event detection generically.
>>> I kind of left it as "an exercise for the reader" because it seems
>>> obvious to me.
>>> Hint: ->statfs allows you to get the total, free and used space
>>> from filesystems in a generic manner.
>>> Cheers,
>>> Dave.
>> I haven't given up on that, so yes, I'm still working on a more suitable
>> generic solution.
>> Background detection is one of the options, though it needs some more thoughts.
>> Giving up the sync approach means less accuracy for the threshold notifications,
>> but I guess this could be fine-tuned to get an acceptable level.
> Accuracy really doesn't matter for threshold notifications - by the
> time the event is delivered to userspace it can already be wrong.
>> Another bump:
>> how this tuning is supposed to be done (additional config option maybe)?
> Why would you need to tune it at all? You can't *stop* the operation
> that is triggering the threshold, so a few seconds delay on delivery
> isn't going to make any difference to anyone....
> You're overthinking this massively. All this needs is a work item
> per superblock, and when the thresholds are turned on it queues a
> self-repeating delayed work that calls ->statfs, checks against the
> configured threshold, issues an event if necessary, and then queues
> itself again to run next period. When the threshold is turned off,
> the work is cancelled.
> Another option: a kernel thread that runs periodically and just
> calls iterate_supers() with a function that checks the sb for
> threshold events, and if configured runs ->statfs and does the work,
> otherwise skips the sb. That avoids all the lifetime issues with
> using workqueues, you don't need a struct work, etc.
>> There is also an idea of using an interface resembling the stackable fs:
> No. Just .... No.
> Cheers,
> Dave.

Alright, I'll make appropriate changes to move the threshold
verification into the background and see how it works.


Best Regards

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