Re: [regression] x86/signal/64: Fix SS handling for signals delivered to 64-bit programs breaks dosemu

From: Stas Sergeev
Date: Thu Aug 13 2015 - 06:14:56 EST

13.08.2015 11:39, Ingo Molnar ÐÐÑÐÑ:
* Andy Lutomirski <luto@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

I'll try to test the patch tomorrow, but I think the sigreturn()'s
capability detection is still needed to easily replace the iret trampoline
in userspace (without generating a signal and testing by hands).
Can of course be done with a run-time kernel version check...
That feature is so specialized that I think you should just probe it.

void foo(...) {
sigcontext->ss = 7;

modify_ldt(initialize descriptor 0);
sigaction(SIGUSR1, foo, SA_SIGINFO);
if (ss == 7)

Fortunately, all kernels that restore ss also have espfix64, so you
don't need to worry about esp[31:16] corruption on those kernels

I suppose we could add a new uc_flag to indicate that ss is saved and restored,
though. Ingo, hpa: any thoughts on that? There will always be some kernel
versions that save and restore ss but don't set the flag, though.
So this new flag would essentially be a 'the ss save/restore bug is fixed for
sure' flag, not covering old kernels that happen to have the correct behavior,

Could you please map out the range of kernel versions involved - which ones:
"me too"
I'll just hard-code that version info into an app - testing version
is the same as testing the flag.

- 'never do the right thing'
- 'do the right thing sometimes'
- 'do the right thing always, but by accident'
- 'do the right thing always and intentionally'


I'd hate to complicate a legacy ABI any more. My gut feeling is to let apps either
assume that the kernel works right, or probe the actual behavior.
The problem is that current apps assume the kernel works _wrong_,
here's the reference:
And as such, they break.
Details earlier in that thread.

Adding the flag
just makes it easy to screw certain kernel versions that would still work fine if
the app used actual probing. So I don't see the flag as an improvement.

If your patch fixes the regression that would be a good first step.
Unfortunately, the currently proposed patch puts the kernel
in the category 'do the right thing sometimes' from the current
'do the right thing always and intentionally'. This helps the legacy
apps to work though...
I am not saying this patch should not be applied, but I'd like
to discuss the alternatives a bit (although Andy already put it clear
that this is likely the final decision, so I am just putting a newly CCed
people into a course of events).

1. leave things as they are and fix dosemu instead (this is against
the kernel policy to not break userspace, but I wonder how relevant
dosemu is today)
2. Apply Andy's patch that does tricky sanity tests with lar, and
if they pass - do not restore the right ss value.
3. Admitting the wider problem, for example TLS is also not restored:
and fix everything at once, probably adding a new sigaction()
flag to allow an apps to request the behaviour they need (keeping
the old behaviour by default).

Of course all of the above have pros and cons.
3 is a lot of work, both 1 and 2 have patches ready.

Please also send the fix in email instead of just pointing to a Git tree, so that
people can comment on it.
A reference for newly CCed people:
Not the prettiest possible approach, but at least should work...
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