[PATCH 5/6] sched/fair: Get rid of scaling utilization by capacity_orig
From: Morten Rasmussen
Date: Fri Aug 14 2015 - 12:20:47 EST
From: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@xxxxxxx>
Utilization is currently scaled by capacity_orig, but since we now have
frequency and cpu invariant cfs_rq.avg.util_avg, frequency and cpu scaling
now happens as part of the utilization tracking itself.
So cfs_rq.avg.util_avg should no longer be scaled in cpu_util().
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Dietmar Eggemann <dietmar.eggemann@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Morten Rasmussen <morten.rasmussen@xxxxxxx>
kernel/sched/fair.c | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 4cc3050..34e24181 100644
@@ -4824,33 +4824,39 @@ static int select_idle_sibling(struct task_struct *p, int target)
* cpu_util returns the amount of capacity of a CPU that is used by CFS
* tasks. The unit of the return value must be the one of capacity so we can
* compare the utilization with the capacity of the CPU that is available for
* CFS task (ie cpu_capacity).
- * cfs.avg.util_avg is the sum of running time of runnable tasks on a
- * CPU. It represents the amount of utilization of a CPU in the range
- * [0..SCHED_LOAD_SCALE]. The utilization of a CPU can't be higher than the
- * full capacity of the CPU because it's about the running time on this CPU.
- * Nevertheless, cfs.avg.util_avg can be higher than SCHED_LOAD_SCALE
- * because of unfortunate rounding in util_avg or just
- * after migrating tasks until the average stabilizes with the new running
- * time. So we need to check that the utilization stays into the range
- * [0..cpu_capacity_orig] and cap if necessary.
- * Without capping the utilization, a group could be seen as overloaded (CPU0
- * utilization at 121% + CPU1 utilization at 80%) whereas CPU1 has 20% of
- * available capacity.
+ * cfs_rq.avg.util_avg is the sum of running time of runnable tasks plus the
+ * recent utilization of currently non-runnable tasks on a CPU. It represents
+ * the amount of utilization of a CPU in the range [0..capacity_orig] where
+ * capacity_orig is the cpu_capacity available at * the highest frequency
+ * (arch_scale_freq_capacity()).
+ * The utilization of a CPU converges towards a sum equal to or less than the
+ * current capacity (capacity_curr <= capacity_orig) of the CPU because it is
+ * the running time on this CPU scaled by capacity_curr.
+ * Nevertheless, cfs_rq.avg.util_avg can be higher than capacity_curr or even
+ * higher than capacity_orig because of unfortunate rounding in
+ * cfs.avg.util_avg or just after migrating tasks and new task wakeups until
+ * the average stabilizes with the new running time. We need to check that the
+ * utilization stays within the range of [0..capacity_orig] and cap it if
+ * necessary. Without utilization capping, a group could be seen as overloaded
+ * (CPU0 utilization at 121% + CPU1 utilization at 80%) whereas CPU1 has 20% of
+ * available capacity. We allow utilization to overshoot capacity_curr (but not
+ * capacity_orig) as it useful for predicting the capacity required after task
+ * migrations (scheduler-driven DVFS).
static int cpu_util(int cpu)
unsigned long util = cpu_rq(cpu)->cfs.avg.util_avg;
unsigned long capacity = capacity_orig_of(cpu);
- if (util >= SCHED_LOAD_SCALE)
- return capacity;
- return (util * capacity) >> SCHED_LOAD_SHIFT;
+ return (util >= capacity) ? capacity : util;
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