Re: [PATCH] net/bonding: send arp in interval if no active slave

From: Jay Vosburgh
Date: Thu Sep 03 2015 - 11:05:56 EST

Uwe Koziolek <uwe.koziolek@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

>On Tue, Sep 01, 2015 at 05:41 PM +0200, Andy Gospodarek wrote:
>> On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 10:51:27PM +0200, Uwe Koziolek wrote:
>>> On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 09:14PM +0200, Jay Vosburgh wrote:
>>>> Uwe Koziolek <uwe.koziolek@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>>>> On2015-08-17 07:12 PM,Jarod Wilson wrote:
>>>>>> On 2015-08-17 12:55 PM, Veaceslav Falico wrote:
>>>>>>> On Mon, Aug 17, 2015 at 12:23:03PM -0400, Jarod Wilson wrote:
>>>>>>>> From: Uwe Koziolek <uwe.koziolek@xxxxxxxxxxx>
>>>>>>>> With some very finicky switch hardware, active backup bonding can get
>>>>>>>> into
>>>>>>>> a situation where we play ping-pong between interfaces, trying to get
>>>>>>>> one
>>>>>>>> to come up as the active slave. There seems to be an issue with the
>>>>>>>> switch's arp replies either taking too long, or simply getting lost,
>>>>>>>> so we
>>>>>>>> wind up unable to get any interface up and active. Sometimes, the issue
>>>>>>>> sorts itself out after a while, sometimes it doesn't.
>>>>>>>> Testing with num_grat_arp has proven fruitless, but sending an
>>>>>>>> additional
>>>>>>>> arp on curr_arp_slave if we're still in the arp_interval timeslice in
>>>>>>>> bond_ab_arp_probe(), has shown to produce 100% reliability in testing
>>>>>>>> with
>>>>>>>> this hardware combination.
>>>>>>> Sorry, I don't understand the logic of why it works, and what exactly
>>>>>>> are
>>>>>>> we fixiing here.
>>>>>>> It also breaks completely the logic for link state management in case
>>>>>>> of no
>>>>>>> current active slave for 2*arp_interval.
>>>>>>> Could you please elaborate what exactly is fixed here, and how it
>>>>>>> works? :)
>>>>>> I can either duplicate some information from the bug, or Uwe can, to
>>>>>> illustrate the exact nature of the problem.
>>>>>>> p.s. num_grat_arp maybe could help?
>>>>>> That was my thought as well, but as I understand it, that route was
>>>>>> explored, and it didn't help any. I don't actually have a reproducer
>>>>>> setup of my own, unfortunately, so I'm kind of caught in the middle
>>>>>> here...
>>>>>> Uwe, can you perhaps further enlighten us as to what num_grat_arp
>>>>>> settings were tried that didn't help? I'm still of the mind that if
>>>>>> num_grat_arp *didn't* help, we probably need to do something keyed off
>>>>>> num_grat_arp.
>>>>> The bonding slaves are connected to high available switches, each of the
>>>>> slaves is connected to a different switch. If the bond is starting, only
>>>>> the selected slave sends one arp-request. If a matching arp_response was
>>>>> received, this slave and the bond is going into state up, sending the
>>>>> gratitious arps...
>>>>> But if you got no arp reply the next slave was selected.
>>>>> With most of the newer switches, not overloaded, or with other software
>>>>> bugs, or with a single switch configuration, you would get a arp response
>>>>> on the first arp request.
>>>>> But in case of high availability configuration with non perfect switches
>>>>> like HP ProCurve 54xx, also with some Cisco models, you may not get a
>>>>> response on the first arp request.
>>>>> I have seen network snoops, there the switches are not responding to the
>>>>> first arp request on slave 1, the second arp request was sent on slave 2
>>>>> but the response was received on slave one, and all following arp
>>>>> requests are anwsered on the wrong slave for a longer time.
>>>> Could you elaborate on the exact "high availability
>>>> configuration" here, including the model(s) of switch(es) involved?
>>>> Is this some kind of race between the switch or switches
>>>> updating the forwarding tables and the bond flip flopping between the
>>>> slaves? E.g., source MAC from ARP sent on slave 1 is used to populate
>>>> the forwarding table, but (for whatever reason) there is no reply. ARP
>>>> on slave 2 is sent (using the same source MAC, unless you set
>>>> fail_over_mac), but forwarding tables still send that MAC to slave 1, so
>>>> reply is sent there.
>>> High availability:
>>> 2 managed switches with routing capabilities have an interconnect.
>>> One slave of a bonding interface is connected to the first switch, the
>>> second slave is connected to the other switch.
>>> The switch models are HP ProCurve 5406 and HP ProCurve 5412. As far as i
>>> remember also HP E 3500 and E 3800 are also
>>> affected, for the affected Cisco models I can't answer today.
>>> Affected single switch configurations was not seen.
>>> Yes, race conditions with delayed upgrades of the forwarding tables is a
>>> well matching explanation for the problem.
>>>>> The proposed change sents up to 3 arp requests on a down bond using the
>>>>> same slave, delayed by arp_interval.
>>>>> Using problematic switches i have seen the the arp response on the right
>>>>> slave at latest on the second arp request. So the bond is going into state
>>>>> up.
>>>>> How does it works:
>>>>> The bonds in up state are handled on the beginning of bond_ab_arp_probe
>>>>> procedure, the other part of this procedure is handling the slave change.
>>>>> The proposed change is bypassing the slave change for 2 additional calls
>>>>> of bond_ab_arp_probe.
>>>>> Now the retries are not only for an up bond available, they are also
>>>>> implemented for a down bond.
>>>> Does this delay failover or bringup on switches that are not
>>>> "problematic"? I.e., if arp_interval is, say, 1000 (1 second), will
>>>> this impact failover / recovery times?
>>>> -J
>>> It depends.
>>> failover times are not impacted, this is handled different.
>>> Only the transition from a down bonding interface (bond and all slaves are
>>> down) to the state up can be increased by up to 2 times arp_interval,
>>> If the selected interface did not came up .If well working switches are
>>> used, and everything other is also ok, there are no impacts.
>> So I'm not a huge fan of workarounds like these, but I also understand
>> from a practical standpoint that this is useful. My only issue with the
>> patch would be to please include a small comment (1-2 lines) in the code
>> that describes the behavior. I know we have the changelog entries for
>> this, but I would feel better about having an exception like this in the
>> code for those reading it and wondering:
>> "Why would we wait 2 intervals before failing over to the next interface
>> when there are no active interfaces?"
>diff -up a/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c b/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c
>--- a/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c 2015-08-30 20:34:09.000000000 +0200
>+++ b/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c 2015-09-02 00:39:10.000298202 +0200
>@@ -2795,6 +2795,16 @@ static bool bond_ab_arp_probe(struct bon
> return should_notify_rtnl;
> }
>+ /* sometimes the forwarding tables of the switches are not updated fast enough
>+ * the first arp response after a slave change is received on the wrong slave.
>+ * the arp requests will be retried 2 times on the same slave
>+ */
>+ if (bond_time_in_interval(bond, curr_arp_slave->last_link_up, 2)) {
>+ bond_arp_send_all(bond, curr_arp_slave);
>+ return should_notify_rtnl;
>+ }

I probably should have asked this in the beginning, but at what
range of arp_interval values does the problem manifest? If it's a race
condition with the switch update, I'd expect that only very small
arp_interval values would be affected.

Also, your proposed comment wraps past 80 columns.


> bond_set_slave_inactive_flags(curr_arp_slave, BOND_SLAVE_NOTIFY_LATER);
> bond_for_each_slave_rcu(bond, slave, iter) {
>>>>> The num_grat_arp has no chance to solve the problem. The num_grat_arp is
>>>>> only used, if a different slave is going active.
>>>>> But in our case, the bonding slaves are not going into the state active
>>>>> for a longer time.
>>>>>>>> [jarod: manufacturing of changelog]
>>>>>>>> CC: Jay Vosburgh <j.vosburgh@xxxxxxxxx>
>>>>>>>> CC: Veaceslav Falico <vfalico@xxxxxxxxx>
>>>>>>>> CC: Andy Gospodarek <gospo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>>>>>>>> CC: netdev@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
>>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Uwe Koziolek <uwe.koziolek@xxxxxxxxxxx>
>>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Jarod Wilson <jarod@xxxxxxxxxx>
>>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>> drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c | 5 +++++
>>>>>>>> 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)
>>>>>>>> diff --git a/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c
>>>>>>>> b/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c
>>>>>>>> index 0c627b4..60b9483 100644
>>>>>>>> --- a/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c
>>>>>>>> +++ b/drivers/net/bonding/bond_main.c
>>>>>>>> @@ -2794,6 +2794,11 @@ static bool bond_ab_arp_probe(struct bonding
>>>>>>>> *bond)
>>>>>>>> return should_notify_rtnl;
>>>>>>>> }
>>>>>>>> + if (bond_time_in_interval(bond, curr_arp_slave->last_link_up, 2))
>>>>>>>> {
>>>>>>>> + bond_arp_send_all(bond, curr_arp_slave);
>>>>>>>> + return should_notify_rtnl;
>>>>>>>> + }
>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>> bond_set_slave_inactive_flags(curr_arp_slave,
>>>>>>>> bond_for_each_slave_rcu(bond, slave, iter) {
>>>>>>>> --

-Jay Vosburgh, jay.vosburgh@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
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