Re: [PATCH v3 02/15] dax: increase granularity of dax_clear_blocks() operations

From: Dave Chinner
Date: Tue Nov 03 2015 - 00:52:24 EST

On Mon, Nov 02, 2015 at 09:31:11PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> On Mon, Nov 2, 2015 at 8:48 PM, Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> > On Mon, Nov 02, 2015 at 07:27:26PM -0800, Dan Williams wrote:
> >> On Mon, Nov 2, 2015 at 4:51 PM, Dave Chinner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >> > On Sun, Nov 01, 2015 at 11:29:53PM -0500, Dan Williams wrote:
> >> > The zeroing (and the data, for that matter) doesn't need to be
> >> > committed to persistent store until the allocation is written and
> >> > committed to the journal - that will happen with a REQ_FLUSH|REQ_FUA
> >> > write, so it makes sense to deploy the big hammer and delay the
> >> > blocking CPU cache flushes until the last possible moment in cases
> >> > like this.
> >>
> >> In pmem terms that would be a non-temporal memset plus a delayed
> >> wmb_pmem at REQ_FLUSH time. Better to write around the cache than
> >> loop over the dirty-data issuing flushes after the fact. We'll bump
> >> the priority of the non-temporal memset implementation.
> >
> > Why is it better to do two synchronous physical writes to memory
> > within a couple of microseconds of CPU time rather than writing them
> > through the cache and, in most cases, only doing one physical write
> > to memory in a separate context that expects to wait for a flush
> > to complete?
> With a switch to non-temporal writes they wouldn't be synchronous,
> although it's doubtful that the subsequent writes after zeroing would
> also hit the store buffer.
> If we had a method to flush by physical-cache-way rather than a
> virtual address then it would indeed be better to save up for one
> final flush, but when we need to resort to looping through all the
> virtual addresses that might have touched it gets expensive.

msync() is for flushing userspace mmap ranges addresses back to
physical memory. fsync() is for flushing kernel addresses (i.e. as
returned by bdev_direct_access()) back to physical addresses.
msync() calls ->fsync() as part of it's operation, fsync() does not
care about whether mmap has been sync'd first or not.

i.e. we don't care about random dirty userspace virtual mappings in
fsync() - if you have them then you need to call msync() first. So
we shouldn't ever be having to walk virtual addresses in fsync -
just the kaddr returned by bdev_direct_access() is all that fsync
needs to flush...


Dave Chinner
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