Re: [PATCH] arm64: Increase the max granular size

From: Catalin Marinas
Date: Wed Nov 04 2015 - 07:36:52 EST

(+ linux-mm)

On Tue, Nov 03, 2015 at 05:33:25PM -0600, Christoph Lameter wrote:
> On Tue, 3 Nov 2015, Catalin Marinas wrote:
> > (cc'ing Jonsoo and Christoph; summary: slab failure with L1_CACHE_BYTES
> > of 128 and sizeof(kmem_cache_node) of 152)
> Hmmm... Yes that would mean use the 196 sized kmalloc array which is not a
> power of two slab. But the code looks fine to me.

I'm not entirely sure that gets used (or even created).
kmalloc_index(152) returns 8 (INDEX_NODE==8) since KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE==128
and the "kmalloc-node" cache size is 256.

> > If I revert commit 8fc9cf420b36 ("slab: make more slab management
> > structure off the slab") it works but I still need to figure out how
> > slab indices are calculated. The size_index[] array is overridden so
> > that 0..15 are 7 and 16..23 are 8. But the kmalloc_caches[7] has never
> > been populated, hence the BUG_ON. Another option may be to change
> > kmalloc_size and kmalloc_index to cope with KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE of 128.
> >
> > I'll do some more investigation tomorrow.
> The commit allows off slab management for PAGE_SIZE >> 5 that is 128.

This means that the first kmalloc cache to be created, "kmalloc-128", is
off slab.

> After that commit kmem_cache_create would try to allocate an off slab
> management structure which is not available during early boot.
> But the slab_early_init is set which should prevent the use of an off slab
> management infrastructure in kmem_cache_create().
> However, the failure in line 2283 shows that the OFF SLAB flag was
> mistakenly set anyways!!!! Something must havee cleared slab_early_init?

slab_early_init is cleared after "kmem_cache" and "kmalloc-node" caches
are successfully created. Following this, the minimum kmalloc allocation
goes off-slab when KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE == 128.

When trying to create "kmalloc-128" (via create_kmalloc_caches(),
slab_early_init is already 0), __kmem_cache_create() requires an
allocation of 32 bytes (freelist_size) which has index 7, hence exactly
the kmalloc_caches[7] we are trying to create.

The simplest option would be to make sure that off slab isn't allowed
for caches of KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE or smaller, with the drawback that not
only "kmalloc-128" but any other such caches will be on slab.

I think a better option would be to first check that there is a
kmalloc_caches[] entry for freelist_size before deciding to go off-slab.
See below: