[PATCH 2/5] mm, page_owner: convert page_owner_inited to static key

From: Vlastimil Babka
Date: Wed Nov 04 2015 - 10:02:44 EST

CONFIG_PAGE_OWNER attempts to impose negligible runtime overhead when enabled
during compilation, but not actually enabled during runtime by boot param
page_owner=on. This overhead can be further reduced using the static key
mechanism, which this patch does.

Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@xxxxxxx>
Documentation/vm/page_owner.txt | 9 +++++----
include/linux/page_owner.h | 22 ++++++++++------------
mm/page_owner.c | 9 +++++----
mm/vmstat.c | 2 +-
4 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/vm/page_owner.txt b/Documentation/vm/page_owner.txt
index 8f3ce9b..ffff143 100644
--- a/Documentation/vm/page_owner.txt
+++ b/Documentation/vm/page_owner.txt
@@ -28,10 +28,11 @@ with page owner and page owner is disabled in runtime due to no enabling
boot option, runtime overhead is marginal. If disabled in runtime, it
doesn't require memory to store owner information, so there is no runtime
memory overhead. And, page owner inserts just two unlikely branches into
-the page allocator hotpath and if it returns false then allocation is
-done like as the kernel without page owner. These two unlikely branches
-would not affect to allocation performance. Following is the kernel's
-code size change due to this facility.
+the page allocator hotpath and if not enabled, then allocation is done
+like as the kernel without page owner. These two unlikely branches should
+not affect to allocation performance, especially if the static keys jump
+label patching functionality is available. Following is the kernel's code
+size change due to this facility.

- Without page owner
text data bss dec hex filename
diff --git a/include/linux/page_owner.h b/include/linux/page_owner.h
index cacaabe..8e2eb15 100644
--- a/include/linux/page_owner.h
+++ b/include/linux/page_owner.h
@@ -1,8 +1,10 @@

+#include <linux/jump_label.h>
-extern bool page_owner_inited;
+extern struct static_key_false page_owner_inited;
extern struct page_ext_operations page_owner_ops;

extern void __reset_page_owner(struct page *page, unsigned int order);
@@ -12,27 +14,23 @@ extern gfp_t __get_page_owner_gfp(struct page *page);

static inline void reset_page_owner(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
- if (likely(!page_owner_inited))
- return;
- __reset_page_owner(page, order);
+ if (static_branch_unlikely(&page_owner_inited))
+ __reset_page_owner(page, order);

static inline void set_page_owner(struct page *page,
unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask)
- if (likely(!page_owner_inited))
- return;
- __set_page_owner(page, order, gfp_mask);
+ if (static_branch_unlikely(&page_owner_inited))
+ __set_page_owner(page, order, gfp_mask);

static inline gfp_t get_page_owner_gfp(struct page *page)
- if (likely(!page_owner_inited))
+ if (static_branch_unlikely(&page_owner_inited))
+ return __get_page_owner_gfp(page);
+ else
return 0;
- return __get_page_owner_gfp(page);
static inline void reset_page_owner(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
diff --git a/mm/page_owner.c b/mm/page_owner.c
index a9f16b8..7664b85 100644
--- a/mm/page_owner.c
+++ b/mm/page_owner.c
@@ -5,10 +5,11 @@
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/stacktrace.h>
#include <linux/page_owner.h>
+#include <linux/jump_label.h>
#include "internal.h"

static bool page_owner_disabled = true;
-bool page_owner_inited __read_mostly;

static void init_early_allocated_pages(void);

@@ -37,7 +38,7 @@ static void init_page_owner(void)
if (page_owner_disabled)

- page_owner_inited = true;
+ static_branch_enable(&page_owner_inited);

@@ -157,7 +158,7 @@ read_page_owner(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count, loff_t *ppos)
struct page *page;
struct page_ext *page_ext;

- if (!page_owner_inited)
+ if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_owner_inited))
return -EINVAL;

page = NULL;
@@ -305,7 +306,7 @@ static int __init pageowner_init(void)
struct dentry *dentry;

- if (!page_owner_inited) {
+ if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_owner_inited)) {
pr_info("page_owner is disabled\n");
return 0;
diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index 34f480b..d9be9ab 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -1131,7 +1131,7 @@ static void pagetypeinfo_showmixedcount(struct seq_file *m, pg_data_t *pgdat)
int mtype;

- if (!page_owner_inited)
+ if (!static_branch_unlikely(&page_owner_inited))


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