Re: [PATCH 4/4] locking: Introduce smp_cond_acquire()

From: Boqun Feng
Date: Wed Nov 11 2015 - 05:35:50 EST

On Wed, Nov 11, 2015 at 05:39:40PM +0800, Boqun Feng wrote:
> Hi Oleg,
> On Tue, Nov 03, 2015 at 06:59:58PM +0100, Oleg Nesterov wrote:
> [snip]
> >
> > Unfortunately this doesn't look exactly right...
> >
> > spin_unlock_wait() is not equal to "while (locked) relax", the latter
> > is live-lockable or at least sub-optimal: we do not really need to spin
> Just be curious, should spin_unlock_wait() semantically be an ACQUIRE?

Hmm.. I guess I was wrong, it doesn't need to be an ACQUIRE, it needs
only to use the control dependency to order the load of lock state and
stores following it.

> Because spin_unlock_wait() is used for us to wait for a certain lock to
> RELEASE so that we can do something *after* we observe the RELEASE.
> Considering the follow example:
> CPU 0 CPU 1
> ============================ ===========================
> { X = 0 }
> spin_unlock(&lock);
> spin_unlock_wait(&lock)
> r1 = READ_ONCE(X);
> If spin_unlock_wait() is not an ACQUIRE, r1 can be 0 in this case,
> right? Am I missing something subtle here? Or spin_unlock_wait() itself
> doesn't have the ACQUIRE semantics, but it should always come with a
> smp_mb() *following* it to achieve the ACQUIRE semantics? However in
> do_exit(), an smp_mb() is preceding raw_spin_unlock_wait() rather than
> following, which makes me confused... could you explain that? Thank you
> ;-)

But still, there is one suspicious use of smp_mb() in do_exit():

* The setting of TASK_RUNNING by try_to_wake_up() may be delayed
* when the following two conditions become true.
* - There is race condition of mmap_sem (It is acquired by
* exit_mm()), and
* - SMI occurs before setting TASK_RUNINNG.
* (or hypervisor of virtual machine switches to other guest)
* As a result, we may become TASK_RUNNING after becoming TASK_DEAD
* To avoid it, we have to wait for releasing tsk->pi_lock which
* is held by try_to_wake_up()

/* causes final put_task_struct in finish_task_switch(). */
tsk->state = TASK_DEAD;
tsk->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE; /* tell freezer to ignore us */

Seems like smp_mb() doesn't need here? Because the control dependency
already orders load of tsk->pi_lock and store of tsk->state, and this
control dependency order guarantee pairs with the spin_unlock(->pi_lock)
in try_to_wake_up() to avoid data race on ->state.


> Regards,
> Boqun
> > until we observe !spin_is_locked(), we only need to synchronize with the
> > current owner of this lock. Once it drops the lock we can proceed, we
> > do not care if another thread takes the same lock right after that.
> >
> > Oleg.
> >

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