Re: [Patch v7 4/7] PCI/ACPI: Add interface acpi_pci_root_create()

From: Tomasz Nowicki
Date: Thu Nov 12 2015 - 09:45:59 EST

On 12.11.2015 15:04, Jiang Liu wrote:
On 2015/11/12 21:21, Tomasz Nowicki wrote:
On 12.11.2015 09:43, Jiang Liu wrote:
On 2015/11/12 1:46, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
On Tue, Nov 10, 2015 at 01:50:46PM +0800, Jiang Liu wrote:


In particular, I would like to understand, for an eg DWordIO
what Range Minimum, Range Maximum and Translation Offset represent,
they can't mean different things depending on the SW parsing them,
this totally defeats the purpose.

I have no clue about what those mean in ACPI though.

Generally speaking, each PCI domain is expected to have a (normally
range of CPU addresses that gets translated into PCI I/O space the
way that config space and memory space are handled.
This is true for almost every architecture except for x86, which uses
different CPU instructions for I/O space compared to the other spaces.

By the way, ia64 ioremaps the translation_offset (ie new_space()), so
basically that's the CPU physical address at which the PCI host
map the IO space transactions), I do not think ia64 is any
different from
arm64 in this respect, if it is please provide an HW description
here from
the PCI bus perspective here (also an example of ia64 ACPI PCI
host bridge
tables would help).

The main difference between ia64 and a lot of the other
architectures (e.g.
sparc is different again) is that ia64 defines a logical address range
in terms of having a small number for each I/O space followed by the
offset within that space as a 'port number' and uses a mapping
that is defined as

static inline void *__ia64_mk_io_addr (unsigned long port)
struct io_space *space = &io_space[IO_SPACE_NR(port)];
return (space->mmio_base | IO_SPACE_PORT(port););
static inline unsigned int inl(unsigned long port)
return *__ia64_mk_io_addr(port);

Most architectures allow only one I/O port range and put it at a fixed
virtual address so that inl() simply becomes

static inline u32 inl(unsigned long addr)
return readl(PCI_IOBASE + addr);

which noticeably reduces code size.

On some architectures (powerpc, arm, arm64), we then get the same
definition with a fixed virtual address, and use pci_ioremap_io() or
something like that to to map a physical address range into this
address window at the correct io_offset;
Hi all,
Thanks for explanation, I found a way to make the ACPI resource
parsing interface arch neutral, it should help to address Lorenzo's
concern. Please refer to the attached patch. (It's still RFC, not

If we go with this approach though, you are not adding the offset to
the resource when parsing the memory spaces in acpi_decode_space(),
are we
sure that's what we really want ?

In DT, a host bridge range has a:

- CPU physical address
- PCI bus address

We use that to compute the offset between primary bus (ie CPU physical
address) and secondary bus (ie PCI bus address).

The value ending up in the PCI resource struct (for memory space) is
the CPU physical address, if you do not add the offset in
that does not hold true on platforms where CPU<->PCI offset != 0 on
am I wrong ?
Hi Lorenzo,
I may have found the divergence between us about the design here. You
treat it as a one-stage translation but I treat it as a
two-stage translation as below:
stage 1: map(translate) per-PCI-domain IO port address[0, 16M) into
system global IO port address. Here system global IO port address is
ioport_resource[0, IO_SPACE_LIMIT).
stage 2: map system IO port address into system memory address.

We need two objects of struct resource_win to support above two-stage
translation. One object, type of IORESOURCE_IO, is used to support
stage one, and it will also used to allocate IO port resources
for PCI devices. Another object, type of IORESOURCE_MMIO, is used
to allocate resource from iomem_resource and setup MMIO mapping
to actually access IO ports.

For ARM64, it doesn't support multiple per-PCI-domain(bus local)
IO port address space yet, so stage one seems to be optional
becomes the offset between bus local IO port address and system
IO port address is always 0. But we still need two objects of
struct resource_win. The first object is
Here it's type of IORESOURCE_IO and offset must be zero because
pcibios_resource_to_bus() will access it translate system IO
port address into bus local IO port address. With my patch,
the struct resource_win object created by the ACPI core will
be reused for this.

The second object is:
start:AddressMinimum + Translation_Offset,
end:AddressMaximum + Translation_Offset,
Arch code need to create the second struct resource_win object
and actually setup the MMIO mapping.

But there's really another bug need to get fixed, funciton
acpi_dev_ioresource_flags() assumes bus local IO port address
space is size of 64K, which is wrong for IA64 and ARM64.

So what would be the Translation_Offset meaning for two cases DWordIo
(....,TypeTranslation) vs DWordIo (....,TypeStatic)? And why we did not
use TypeTranslation for IA64 so far?

IA64 actually ignores the translation type flag and just assume it's
TypeTranslation, so there may be some IA64 BIOS implementations
accidentally using TypeStatic. That's why we parsing SparseTranslation
flag without checking TranslationType flag. I feel ARM64 may face the
same situation as IA64:(

We may expect (TypeStatic, 0-offset) and (TypeTranslation,
non-0-offset) in real word. For other two combinations, I haven't
found a real usage yet, though theoretically they are possible.

I think we should not bend the generic code for IA64 only and expose other platforms to the same issue. Instead, lets interpret spec correctly and create IA64 quirk for the sake of backward compatibility. Thoughts?

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