Re: PCIe host controller behind IOMMU on ARM

From: Arnd Bergmann
Date: Thu Nov 12 2015 - 11:17:23 EST

On Thursday 12 November 2015 15:33:41 Phil Edworthy wrote:
> On 12 November 2015 09:49, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
> > On Thursday 12 November 2015 09:26:33 Phil Edworthy wrote:
> > > On 11 November 2015 18:25, LIviu wrote:
> > > > On Mon, Nov 09, 2015 at 12:32:13PM +0000, Phil Edworthy wrote:
> >
> > of_dma_configure calls of_dma_get_range to do all this for the PCIe host,
> > and then calls arch_setup_dma_ops() so the architecture specific code can
> > enforce the limits in dma_set_mask and pick an appropriate set of dma
> > operations. The missing part is in the implementation of arch_setup_dma_ops,
> > which currently happily ignores the base and limit.
> I don't think it's as simple as that, though I could be wrong!
> First off, of_dma_configure() sets a default coherent_dma_mask to 4GiB.
> This default is set for the 'platform soc' device. For my own testing I increased
> this to DMA_BIT_MASK(63). Note that setting it to DMA_BIT_MASK(64) causes
> boot failure that I haven't looked into.

Most platform devices actually need the 32-bit mask, so we intentionally
followed what PCI does here and default to that and require platform drivers
to explicitly ask for a larger mask if they need it.

> Then pci_device_add() sets the devices coherent_dma_mask to 4GiB before
> calling of_pci_dma_configure(). I assume it does this on the basis that this is a
> good default for PCI drivers that don't call dma_set_mask().
> So if arch_setup_dma_ops() walks up the parents to limit the mask, you'll hit
> this mask.

arch_setup_dma_ops() does not walk up the hierarchy, of_dma_configure()
does this before calling arch_setup_dma_ops(). The PCI devices start out
with the 32-bit mask, but the limit should be whatever PCI host uses.

> Finally, dma_set_mask_and_coherent() is called from the PCI card driver
> but it doesn't check the parents dma masks either.

The way I think this should work is that arch_setup_dma_ops() stores the
allowed mask in the struct device, and that dma_set_mask compares the
mask against that.

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