[PATCH 0/(8+2)] MIPS: IEEE Std 754-2008 features

From: Maciej W. Rozycki
Date: Thu Nov 12 2015 - 19:46:42 EST


As many of you have been aware it has been a long practice for software
using IEEE 754 floating-point arithmetic run on MIPS processors to use an
encoding of Not-a-Number (NaN) data different to one used by software run
on other processors. And as of IEEE 754-2008 revision [1] this encoding
does not follow one recommended in the standard, as specified in section
6.2.1, where it is stated that quiet NaNs should have the first bit (d1)
of their significand set to 1 while signalling NaNs should have that bit
set to 0, but MIPS software interprets the two bits in the opposite

As from revision 3.50 [2][3] the MIPS Architecture provides for
processors that support the IEEE 754-2008 preferred NaN encoding format.
As the two formats (further referred to as "legacy NaN" and "2008 NaN")
are incompatible to each other, the run-time environment has to provide
support for the two formats to help people avoid using incompatible binary
modules. Here is the Linux kernel part.

These are 8 changes comprising the actual feature and a set of 2 extra
patches -- a code structure clean-up for ELF personality macros, and a
proposal to make sNaN bit pattern propagation more in line with the
current version of the said standard even for legacy-NaN implementations.

The complementing glibc dynamic loader part has been posted here:
<http://sourceware.org/ml/libc-ports/2013-09/msg00048.html> and included
in FSF glibc <git://sourceware.org/git/glibc.git> with commit 9c21573c.


[1] "IEEE Standard for Floating-Point Arithmetic", IEEE Computer Society,
IEEE Std 754-2008, 29 August 2008

[2] "MIPS Architecture For Programmers, Volume I-A: Introduction to the
MIPS32 Architecture", MIPS Technologies, Inc., Document Number:
MD00082, Revision 3.50, September 20, 2012

[3] "MIPS Architecture For Programmers, Volume I-A: Introduction to the
MIPS64 Architecture", MIPS Technologies, Inc., Document Number:
MD00083, Revision 3.50, September 20, 2012

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/