[PATCH v3 01/22] timer: Allow to check when the timer callback has not finished yet

From: Petr Mladek
Date: Wed Nov 18 2015 - 08:26:30 EST

timer_pending() checks whether the list of callbacks is empty.
Each callback is removed from the list before it is called,
see call_timer_fn() in __run_timers().

Sometimes we need to make sure that the callback has finished.
For example, if we want to free some resources that are accessed
by the callback.

For this purpose, this patch adds timer_active(). It checks both
the list of callbacks and the running_timer. It takes the base_lock
to see a consistent state.

I plan to use it to implement delayed works in kthread worker.
But I guess that it will have wider use. In fact, I wonder if
timer_pending() is misused in some situations.

Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@xxxxxxxx>
include/linux/timer.h | 2 ++
kernel/time/timer.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 26 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/timer.h b/include/linux/timer.h
index 61aa61dc410c..237b7c3e2b4e 100644
--- a/include/linux/timer.h
+++ b/include/linux/timer.h
@@ -165,6 +165,8 @@ static inline int timer_pending(const struct timer_list * timer)
return timer->entry.pprev != NULL;

+extern int timer_active(struct timer_list *timer);
extern void add_timer_on(struct timer_list *timer, int cpu);
extern int del_timer(struct timer_list * timer);
extern int mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires);
diff --git a/kernel/time/timer.c b/kernel/time/timer.c
index bbc5d1114583..1c16f3230771 100644
--- a/kernel/time/timer.c
+++ b/kernel/time/timer.c
@@ -778,6 +778,30 @@ static struct tvec_base *lock_timer_base(struct timer_list *timer,

+ * timer_active - is a timer still in use?
+ * @timer: the timer in question
+ *
+ * timer_in_use() will tell whether the timer is pending or if the callback
+ * is curretly running.
+ *
+ * Use this function if you want to make sure that some resources
+ * will not longer get accessed by the timer callback. timer_pending()
+ * is not safe in this case.
+ */
+int timer_active(struct timer_list *timer)
+ struct tvec_base *base;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int ret;
+ base = lock_timer_base(timer, &flags);
+ ret = timer_pending(timer) || base->running_timer == timer;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&base->lock, flags);
+ return ret;
static inline int
__mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires,
bool pending_only, int pinned)

To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/