Re: [PATCH] hid: usbhid: hid-core: fix recursive deadlock

From: Ioan-Adrian Ratiu
Date: Wed Nov 18 2015 - 16:05:55 EST

On Wed, 18 Nov 2015 21:37:42 +0100 (CET)
Jiri Kosina <jikos@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> On Wed, 18 Nov 2015, Ioan-Adrian Ratiu wrote:
> > The critical section protected by usbhid->lock in hid_ctrl() is too
> > big and in rare cases causes a recursive deadlock because of its call
> > to hid_input_report().
> >
> > This deadlock reproduces on newer wacom tablets like 056a:033c because
> > the wacom driver in its irq handler ends up calling hid_hw_request()
> > from wacom_intuos_schedule_prox_event() in wacom_wac.c. What this means
> > is that it submits a report to reschedule a proximity read through a
> > sync ctrl call which grabs the lock in hid_ctrl(struct urb *urb)
> > before calling hid_input_report(). When the irq kicks in on the same
> > cpu, it also tries to grab the lock resulting in a recursive deadlock.
> >
> > The proper fix is to shrink the critical section in hid_ctrl() to
> > protect only the instructions which modify usbhid, thus move the lock
> > after the hid_input_report() call and the deadlock dissapears.
> I think the proper fix actually is to spin_lock_irqsave() in hid_ctrl(),
> isn't it?

That was my first attempt, yes, but the deadlock still happens with interrupts
disabled. It is very weird, I know. I tried many configurations, like disabling
PREEMPT_RT and other stuff which might affect the call stack in this case, but
the only two methods which actually avoid the deadlock are:

1. don't call wacom_intuos_schedule_prox_event() / hid_hw_request() from the
wacom driver

2. shrink the critical region to not cover hid_input_report() inside hid_ctrl()

I am very open to any ideas on how to better fix this, just to be able to use a
mainline kernel with my device without out of tree patching :)
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