Re: [PATCH] arc: use little endian accesses

From: Arnd Bergmann
Date: Thu Mar 10 2016 - 02:46:31 EST

On Thursday 10 March 2016, Vineet Gupta wrote:
> On Wednesday 09 March 2016 10:51 PM, Lada Trimasova wrote:
> > Memory access primitives should use cpu_to_le16, cpu_to_le32, le16_to_cpu
> > and le32_to_cpu because it is not really guaranteed that drivers handles
> > any ordering themselves.
> That is the driver issue. readxx as API simply returns data in native endianness.
> We've had EZChip running big endian and so far and they didn't need this change.

Most drivers using readl() or readl_relaxed() expect those to perform byte
swaps on big-endian architectures, as the registers tend to be fixed endian,
so the change seems reasonable.

It depends a little bit on how endian mode is implemented in the CPU: do you
follow the normal model of swapping byte order in the load/store instructions
of the CPU when running big-endian, or is the CPU always running little-endian
but the bus addresses get mangled on byte accesses to give the illusion
of a big-endian system?