[PATCH v2] arm64: cpuidle: make arm_cpuidle_suspend() a bit more efficient

From: Jisheng Zhang
Date: Thu Mar 24 2016 - 23:13:35 EST

Currently, we check two pointers: cpu_ops and cpu_suspend on every idle
state entry. These pointers check can be avoided:

If cpu_ops has not been registered, arm_cpuidle_init() will return
-EOPNOTSUPP, so arm_cpuidle_suspend() will never have chance to
run. In other word, the cpu_ops check can be avoid.

Similarly, the cpu_suspend check could be avoided in this hot path by
moving it into arm_cpuidle_init().

I measured the 4096 * time from arm_cpuidle_suspend entry point to the
cpu_psci_cpu_suspend entry point. HW platform is Marvell BG4CT STB

1. only one shell, no other process, hot-unplug secondary cpus, execute
the following cmd

while true
sleep 0.2

before the patch: 1581220ns

after the patch: 1579630ns

reduced by 0.1%

2. only one shell, no other process, hot-unplug secondary cpus, execute
the following cmd

while true
md5sum /tmp/testfile
sleep 0.2

NOTE: the testfile size should be larger than L1+L2 cache size

before the patch: 1961960ns
after the patch: 1912500ns

reduced by 2.5%

So the more complex the system load, the bigger the improvement.

Signed-off-by: Jisheng Zhang <jszhang@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@xxxxxxx>
Since v1:
- add performance numbers
- combine two small patches into one
- add Lorenzo's ack

arch/arm64/kernel/cpuidle.c | 9 ++-------
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuidle.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuidle.c
index 9047cab6..e11857f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuidle.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuidle.c
@@ -19,7 +19,8 @@ int __init arm_cpuidle_init(unsigned int cpu)
int ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;

- if (cpu_ops[cpu] && cpu_ops[cpu]->cpu_init_idle)
+ if (cpu_ops[cpu] && cpu_ops[cpu]->cpu_suspend &&
+ cpu_ops[cpu]->cpu_init_idle)
ret = cpu_ops[cpu]->cpu_init_idle(cpu);

return ret;
@@ -36,11 +37,5 @@ int arm_cpuidle_suspend(int index)
int cpu = smp_processor_id();

- /*
- * If cpu_ops have not been registered or suspend
- * has not been initialized, cpu_suspend call fails early.
- */
- if (!cpu_ops[cpu] || !cpu_ops[cpu]->cpu_suspend)
- return -EOPNOTSUPP;
return cpu_ops[cpu]->cpu_suspend(index);