[PATCH V2 1/3] tracing: Add __print_ns_to_secs() and __print_ns_without_secs() helpers

From: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira
Date: Mon Mar 28 2016 - 12:51:50 EST

From: "Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)" <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>

To have nanosecond output displayed in a more human readable format, its
nicer to convert it to a seconds format (XXX.YYYYYYYYY). The problem is that
to do so, the numbers must be divided by NSEC_PER_SEC, and moded too. But as
these numbers are 64 bit, this can not be done simply with '/' and '%'
operators, but must use do_div() instead.

Instead of performing the expensive do_div() in the hot path of the
tracepoint, it is more efficient to perform it during the output phase. But
passing in do_div() can confuse the parser, and do_div() doesn't work
exactly like a normal C function. It modifies the number in place, and we
don't want to modify the actual values in the ring buffer.

Two helper functions are now created:

__print_ns_to_secs() and __print_ns_without_secs()

They both take a value of nanoseconds, and the former will return that
number divided by NSEC_PER_SEC, and the latter will mod it with NSEC_PER_SEC
giving a way to print a nice human readable format:


Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@xxxxxxxxxx>

diff --git a/include/trace/trace_events.h b/include/trace/trace_events.h
index 170c93b..e9c3f93 100644
--- a/include/trace/trace_events.h
+++ b/include/trace/trace_events.h
@@ -283,6 +283,21 @@ TRACE_MAKE_SYSTEM_STR();
trace_print_symbols_seq(p, value, symbols); \

+#undef __print_ns_to_secs
+#define __print_ns_to_secs(value) \
+ ({ \
+ u64 ____val = (u64)value; \
+ do_div(____val, NSEC_PER_SEC); \
+ ____val; \
+ })
+#undef __print_ns_without_secs
+#define __print_ns_without_secs(value) \
+ ({ \
+ u64 ____val = (u64)value; \
+ (u32) do_div(____val, NSEC_PER_SEC); \
+ })
#undef __print_symbolic_u64
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
#define __print_symbolic_u64(value, symbol_array...) \
@@ -720,6 +735,16 @@ static inline void ftrace_test_probe_##call(void) \
#undef __get_bitmask
#undef __print_array

+ * The below is not executed in the kernel. It is only what is
+ * displayed in the print format for userspace to parse.
+ */
+#undef __print_ns_to_secs
+#define __print_ns_to_secs(val) val / 1000000000UL
+#undef __print_ns_without_secs
+#define __print_ns_without_secs(val) val % 1000000000UL
#undef TP_printk
#define TP_printk(fmt, args...) "\"" fmt "\", " __stringify(args)