# [PATCH] regulator: pwm: Try to avoid voltage error in duty cycle calculation

From: Laxman Dewangan
Date: Thu Mar 31 2016 - 10:03:32 EST

In continuous mode of the PWM regulators, the requested voltage
PWM duty cycle is calculated in terms of 100% scale where entire
range denotes 100%. The calculation for PWM pulse ON time(duty_pulse)
is done as:

duty_cycle = ((requested - minimum) * 100) / voltage_range.

duty pulse is calculated as
duty_pulse = (pwm_period/100) * duty_cycle

This leads to the calculation error if we have the requested voltage
where accurate pulse time is possible.

For example: Consider following case
voltage range is 800000uV to 1350000uV.
pwm-period = 1550ns (1ns time is 1mV).
Requested 900000uV.

duty_cycle = ((900000uV - 800000uV) * 100)/ 1550000
= 6.45 but we will get 6.

duty_pulse = (1550/100) * 6 = 90 pulse time.

90 pulse time is equivalent to 90mV and this gives us pulse time equivalent
to 890000uV instead of 900000uV.

Proposing the solution in which if requested voltage makes the accurate
duty pulse then there will not be any error. On this case, if
(req_uV - min_uV) * pwm_period is perfect dividable by voltage_range
then get the duty pulse time directly.

duty_pulse = ((900000uV - 800000uV) * 1550)/1550000)
= 100

and this is equivalent to 100mV and so final voltage is
(800000 + 100000) = 900000uV which is same as requested,

Signed-off-by: Laxman Dewangan <ldewangan@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Lee Jones <lee.jones@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
This is the rework on patch based on discussion in patch
Re: [PATCH 4/5] regulator: pwm: Add support for voltage linear equal steps

In the older patch, instead of creating new property for linear steps,
based on pwm period and ranges, calculate the duty cycle without any
voltage calcualtion loss.

drivers/regulator/pwm-regulator.c | 27 ++++++++++++---------------
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/regulator/pwm-regulator.c b/drivers/regulator/pwm-regulator.c
index f99a697..8d980701 100644
--- a/drivers/regulator/pwm-regulator.c
+++ b/drivers/regulator/pwm-regulator.c
@@ -113,18 +113,6 @@ static int pwm_regulator_is_enabled(struct regulator_dev *dev)
return pwm_is_enabled(drvdata->pwm);
}

-/**
- * Continuous voltage call-backs
- */
-static int pwm_voltage_to_duty_cycle_percentage(struct regulator_dev *rdev, int req_uV)
-{
- int min_uV = rdev->constraints->min_uV;
- int max_uV = rdev->constraints->max_uV;
- int diff = max_uV - min_uV;
-
- return ((req_uV * 100) - (min_uV * 100)) / diff;
-}
-
static int pwm_regulator_get_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev)
{
struct pwm_regulator_data *drvdata = rdev_get_drvdata(rdev);
@@ -139,12 +127,21 @@ static int pwm_regulator_set_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
struct pwm_regulator_data *drvdata = rdev_get_drvdata(rdev);
unsigned int ramp_delay = rdev->constraints->ramp_delay;
unsigned int period = pwm_get_period(drvdata->pwm);
- int duty_cycle;
+ unsigned int req_diff = min_uV - rdev->constraints->min_uV;
+ unsigned int diff;
+ unsigned int duty_pulse;
+ u64 req_period;
int ret;

- duty_cycle = pwm_voltage_to_duty_cycle_percentage(rdev, min_uV);
+ diff = rdev->constraints->max_uV - rdev->constraints->min_uV;
+ req_period = req_diff * period;
+
+ if (req_period % diff == 0)
+ duty_pulse = req_period / diff;
+ else
+ duty_pulse = (period / 100) * ((req_diff * 100) / diff);

- ret = pwm_config(drvdata->pwm, (period / 100) * duty_cycle, period);
+ ret = pwm_config(drvdata->pwm, duty_pulse, period);
if (ret) {
dev_err(&rdev->dev, "Failed to configure PWM: %d\n", ret);
return ret;
--
2.1.4