[PATCH v9 0/8] KVM PCIe/MSI passthrough on ARM/ARM64: kernel part 2/3: msi changes

From: Eric Auger
Date: Wed May 04 2016 - 11:18:30 EST

This series implements the MSI address mapping/unmapping in the MSI layer.
IOMMU binding happens on pci_enable_msi since this function can sleep and
return errors. On msi_domain_set_affinity, msi_domain_(de)activate, which
are not allowed to sleep, we simply look for the already existing binding.

A new MSI domain info flag value is introduced to report whether the msi
domain implements IRQ remapping. GIC v3 ITS is the first MSI controller
advertising it. This flag value will be used by VFIO subsystem to
determine whether MSI forwarding is safe.

More details & context can be found at:

Best Regards


Applies on top of PART 1/3. Also depends on
[PATCH 1/3] iommu: Add MMIO mapping type,

Git: complete series available at

This branch contains all parts in v9.


v8 -> v9:
- use a union in irq_chip_msi_doorbell_info + boolean telling whether the
doorbell is percpu
- decouple irq_data parsing from the actual mapping/unmapping in
- fix misc style issues

v7 -> v8:
take into account Marc's comments:
- use iommu_msi_msg_pa_to_va with new proto
- change in irq_chip_msi_doorbell_info struct definition:
prot and size became shared between all doorbells and phys_addr_t __percpu
- cleanups in v2m irqchip
- eventually did not touch MSI_FLAG_IRQ_REMAPPING naming
- On msi_handle_doorbell_mappings, stop on the first irqchip where doorbells
can be found
- fix resource deallocation on mapping failure in msi_domain_alloc_irqs

v6 -> v7:
- do alloc/map handling on pci_enable_msi and search on msi_(de)domain_activate
- add msi_doorbell_info callback in irq-chip to retrieve the characteristics
of doorbells

RFC v5 -> patch v6:
- split to ease the review process
- rebase on default iommu domain code (irq_data_to_msi_mapping_domain
checks IOMMU_DOMAIN_DMA type)
- fix unmap sequence on msi_domain_set_affinity (reported by Marc):
unmap the previous doorbell when the new one has been mapped & written to
the device, ie. irq_chip_write_msi_msg.
- "msi: msi_compose wrapper removed" following change above
- add size parameter to iommu_get_reserved_iova API following Marc's request

RFC v4 -> RFC v5:
- take into account Thomas' comments on MSI related patches
- split "msi: IOMMU map the doorbell address when needed"
- increase readability and add comments
- fix style issues
- split "iommu: Add DOMAIN_ATTR_MSI_MAPPING attribute"
- platform ITS now advertises IOMMU_CAP_INTR_REMAP
- fix compilation issue with CONFIG_IOMMU API unset
- arm-smmu-v3 now advertises DOMAIN_ATTR_MSI_MAPPING

RFC v3 -> v4:
- Move doorbell mapping/unmapping in msi.c
- fix ref count issue on set_affinity: in case of a change in the address
the previous address is decremented
- doorbell map/unmap now is done on msi composition. Should allow the use
case for platform MSI controllers
- create dma-reserved-iommu.h/c exposing/implementing a new API dedicated
to reserved IOVA management (looking like dma-iommu glue)
- series reordering to ease the review:
- first part is related to IOMMU
- second related to MSI sub-system
- third related to VFIO (except arm-smmu IOMMU_CAP_INTR_REMAP removal)
- expose the number of requested IOVA pages through VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO
[this partially addresses Marc's comments on iommu_get/put_single_reserved
size/alignment problematic - which I did not ignore - but I don't know
how much I can do at the moment]

RFC v2 -> RFC v3:
- should fix wrong handling of some CONFIG combinations:
- fix MSI_FLAG_IRQ_REMAPPING setting in GICv3 ITS (although not tested)

PATCH v1 -> RFC v2:
- reverted to RFC since it looks more reasonable ;-) the code is split
between VFIO, IOMMU, MSI controller and I am not sure I did the right
choices. Also API need to be further discussed.
- iova API usage in arm-smmu.c.
- MSI controller natively programs the MSI addr with either the PA or IOVA.
This is not done anymore in vfio-pci driver as suggested by Alex.
- check irq remapping capability of the group

RFC v1 [2] -> PATCH v1:
- use the existing dma map/unmap ioctl interface with a flag to register a
reserved IOVA range. Use the legacy Rb to store this special vfio_dma.
- a single reserved IOVA contiguous region now is allowed
- use of an RB tree indexed by PA to store allocated reserved slots
- use of a vfio_domain iova_domain to manage iova allocation within the
window provided by the userspace
- vfio alloc_map/unmap_free take a vfio_group handle
- vfio_group handle is cached in vfio_pci_device
- add ref counting to bindings
- user modality enabled at the end of the series

Eric Auger (8):
genirq/msi: Add a new MSI_FLAG_IRQ_REMAPPING flag
irqchip/gic-v3-its: ITS advertises MSI_FLAG_IRQ_REMAPPING
genirq/msi: export msi_get_domain_info
genirq/msi: msi_compose wrapper
genirq/irq: introduce msi_doorbell_info
irqchip/gicv2m: implement msi_doorbell_info callback
genirq/msi: map/unmap the MSI doorbells on msi_domain_alloc/free_irqs
genirq/msi: use the MSI doorbell's IOVA when requested

drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v2m.c | 16 +++
drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its-pci-msi.c | 3 +-
drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its-platform-msi.c | 3 +-
include/linux/irq.h | 15 ++-
include/linux/msi.h | 2 +
kernel/irq/msi.c | 136 +++++++++++++++++++++++---
6 files changed, 161 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)