[PATCH v9 1/5] x86/boot: Refuse to build with data relocations

From: Kees Cook
Date: Wed May 25 2016 - 18:46:46 EST

The compressed kernel is built with -fPIC/-fPIE so that it can run in any
location a bootloader happens to put it. However, since ELF relocation
processing is not happening (and all the relocation information has
already been stripped at link time), none of the code can use data
relocations (e.g. static assignments of pointers). This is already noted
in a warning comment at the top of misc.c, but this adds an explicit
check for the condition during the linking stage to block any such bugs
from appearing.

If this was in place with the earlier bug in pagetable.c, the build
would fail like this:

CC arch/x86/boot/compressed/pagetable.o
DATAREL arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux
error: arch/x86/boot/compressed/pagetable.o has data relocations!
make[2]: *** [arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux] Error 1

A clean build shows:

CC arch/x86/boot/compressed/pagetable.o
DATAREL arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux
LD arch/x86/boot/compressed/vmlinux

Suggested-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
index cfdd8c3f8af2..e69464792beb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -85,7 +85,25 @@ vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_EFI_STUB) += $(obj)/eboot.o $(obj)/efi_stub_$(BITS).o \
vmlinux-objs-$(CONFIG_EFI_MIXED) += $(obj)/efi_thunk_$(BITS).o

+# The compressed kernel is built with -fPIC/-fPIE so that a boot loader
+# can place it anywhere in memory and it will still run. However, since
+# it is executed as-is without any ELF relocation processing performed
+# (and has already had all relocation sections stripped from the binary),
+# none of the code can use data relocations (e.g. static assignments of
+# pointer values), since they will be meaningless at runtime. This check
+# will refuse to link the vmlinux if any of these relocations are found.
+quiet_cmd_check_data_rel = DATAREL $@
+define cmd_check_data_rel
+ for obj in $(filter %.o,$^); do \
+ readelf -S $$obj | grep -qF .rel.local && { \
+ echo "error: $$obj has data relocations!" >&2; \
+ exit 1; \
+ } || true; \
+ done
$(obj)/vmlinux: $(vmlinux-objs-y) FORCE
+ $(call if_changed,check_data_rel)
$(call if_changed,ld)