Re: [PATCH v3 02/12] of: add J-Core cpu bindings

From: Mark Rutland
Date: Fri May 27 2016 - 05:14:30 EST

On Thu, May 26, 2016 at 11:33:23AM -0400, Rich Felker wrote:
> On Thu, May 26, 2016 at 11:38:29AM +0100, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > On Wed, May 25, 2016 at 07:04:08PM -0400, Rich Felker wrote:
> > > On Wed, May 25, 2016 at 11:22:15AM +0100, Mark Rutland wrote:
> > > > * How must the value be written?
> > > > - Which endianness?
> > >
> > > CPU native.
> >
> > Ok. I take it that a CPU's endianness cannot be switched onthe fly,
> > then? Or does the hardware backing the release-addr register handle
> > arbitrary endianness dynamically?
> No, it's not switched on the fly.
> > If you want to reuse the same HW block across configurations where CPU
> > endianness differs, it may make sense to define an endianness
> > regardless, to simplify integration concerns.
> The existing cpus are all big-endian, but I believe at one point there
> was talk that it's easy to get a little-endian version if you want. In
> any case the value is to be read by the cpu, so cpu endianness (i.e.
> no endianness, just a value) is the only thing that makes sense to
> specify. Adding a fixed endian spec independent of cpu endianness just
> complicates both hardware and kernel implementation and its only
> benefit seems to be supporting runtime-switchable chips where the
> entry-point code has to select the endianness to match the rest of the
> kernel.

Sure. If endianness isn't runtime switchable, and there is no near-term
plan to add that, then my concerns do not apply.


> > If you do /memreserve/ the region rather than carving it out of memory
> > nodes, you will also need to define semantics for memreserve. Typically
> > memreserve meaans that the OS should not perform any stores to the
> > region, but is permitted to map it with some architecture-specific
> > cacheable attributes.
> My interpretation of memreserve is just that it marks memory ranges
> that the kernel cannot use for allocatable memory for its own
> purposes, despite otherwise possibly lying in the range of a "memory"
> node. I would not interpret it as excluding accesses by drivers that
> were told to use specific addresses in the "reserved" range as part of
> their DT bindings.

Yes, this is strictly more correct than my wording.

Given the lack of MMU or cache configration beynd on/off, it doesn't
sound like there are any arch-specific memory attribute rules to


> > My questions about SMP are largely orthogonal to DT; I simply have
> > experience in dealing with that for arm64, and am aware of some of the
> > pain points that were not immediately obvious.
> OK, thanks for clarifying that. This is actually really helpful
> feedback to have but I wasn't sure if you wanted me to consider it
> part of what needs to be done for DT binding or for consideration in
> designing and documenting the SMP architecture.

Sorry for that; in retrospect I probably should have sent the boot
protocol comments as a separate reply.


> OK. I'll strip it down to just the parts that are relevant for non-SMP
> and submit the patch adding SMP bindings along with the SMP kernel
> patches.

That sounds good to me.