Re: [PATCH] mm, kasan: introduce a special shadow value for allocator metadata
From: Alexander Potapenko
Date: Thu Jun 02 2016 - 08:03:09 EST
On Wed, Jun 1, 2016 at 6:31 PM, Alexander Potapenko <glider@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 1, 2016 at 5:23 PM, Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>> On 05/31/2016 08:49 PM, Alexander Potapenko wrote:
>>> On Tue, May 31, 2016 at 1:52 PM, Andrey Ryabinin
>>> <aryabinin@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>>> On 05/31/2016 01:44 PM, Alexander Potapenko wrote:
>>>>> Add a special shadow value to distinguish accesses to KASAN-specific
>>>>> allocator metadata.
>>>>> Unlike AddressSanitizer in the userspace, KASAN lets the kernel proceed
>>>>> after a memory error. However a write to the kmalloc metadata may cause
>>>>> memory corruptions that will make the tool itself unreliable and induce
>>>>> crashes later on. Warning about such corruptions will ease the
>>>> It will not. Whether out-of-bounds hits metadata or not is absolutely irrelevant
>>>> to the bug itself. This information doesn't help to understand, analyze or fix the bug.
>>> Here's the example that made me think the opposite.
>>> I've been reworking KASAN hooks for mempool and added a test that did
>>> a write-after-free to an object allocated from a mempool.
>>> This resulted in flaky kernel crashes somewhere in quarantine
>>> shrinking after several attempts to `insmod test_kasan.ko`.
>>> Because there already were numerous KASAN errors in the test, it
>>> wasn't evident that the crashes were related to the new test, so I
>>> thought the problem was in the buggy quarantine implementation.
>>> However the problem was indeed in the new test, which corrupted the
>>> quarantine pointer in the object and caused a crash while traversing
>>> the quarantine list.
>>> My previous experience with userspace ASan shows that crashes in the
>>> tool code itself puzzle the developers.
>>> As a result, the users think that the tool is broken and don't believe
>>> its reports.
>>> I first thought about hardening the quarantine list by checksumming
>>> the pointers and validating them on each traversal.
>>> This prevents the crashes, but doesn't give the users any idea about
>>> what went wrong.
>>> On the other hand, reporting the pointer corruption right when it happens does.
>>> Distinguishing between a regular UAF and a quarantine corruption
>>> (which is what the patch in question is about) helps to prioritize the
>>> KASAN reports and give the developers better understanding of the
>> After the first report we have memory in a corrupted state, so we are done here.
> This is theoretically true, that's why we crash after the first report
> in the userspace ASan.
> But since the kernel proceeds after the first KASAN report, it's
> possible that we see several different reports, and they are sometimes
> worth looking at.
>> Anything that happens after the first report can't be trusted since it can be an after-effect,
>> just like in your case. Such crashes are not worthy to look at.
>> Out-of-bounds that doesn't hit metadata as any other memory corruption also can lead to after-effects crashes,
>> thus distinguishing such bugs doesn't make a lot of sense.
> Unlike the crashes in the kernel itself, crashes with KASAN functions
> in the stack trace may make the developer think the tool is broken.
>> test_kasan module is just a quick hack, made only to make sure that KASAN works.
>> It does some crappy thing, and may lead to crash as well. So I would recommend an immediate
>> reboot even after single attempt to load it.
> Agreed. However a plain write into the first byte of the freed object
> will cause similar problems.
On a second thought, we could do without the additional shadow byte
value, by just comparing the address to the metadata offset.
> Alexander Potapenko
> Software Engineer
> Google Germany GmbH
> Erika-Mann-StraÃe, 33
> 80636 MÃnchen
> GeschÃftsfÃhrer: Matthew Scott Sucherman, Paul Terence Manicle
> Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891
> Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg
Google Germany GmbH
GeschÃftsfÃhrer: Matthew Scott Sucherman, Paul Terence Manicle
Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg