Re: [PATCH v2] x86 / hibernate: Use hlt_play_dead() when resuming from hibernation

From: Pavel Machek
Date: Thu Jul 28 2016 - 15:34:31 EST

On Thu 2016-07-14 03:55:23, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> From: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>
> On Intel hardware, native_play_dead() uses mwait_play_dead() by
> default and only falls back to the other methods if that fails.
> That also happens during resume from hibernation, when the restore
> (boot) kernel runs disable_nonboot_cpus() to take all of the CPUs
> except for the boot one offline.
> However, that is problematic, because the address passed to
> __monitor() in mwait_play_dead() is likely to be written to in the
> last phase of hibernate image restoration and that causes the "dead"
> CPU to start executing instructions again. Unfortunately, the page
> containing the address in that CPU's instruction pointer may not be
> valid any more at that point.
> First, that page may have been overwritten with image kernel memory
> contents already, so the instructions the CPU attempts to execute may
> simply be invalid. Second, the page tables previously used by that
> CPU may have been overwritten by image kernel memory contents, so the
> address in its instruction pointer is impossible to resolve then.
> A report from Varun Koyyalagunta and investigation carried out by
> Chen Yu show that the latter sometimes happens in practice.
> To prevent it from happening, temporarily change the smp_ops.play_dead
> pointer during resume from hibernation so that it points to a special
> "play dead" routine which uses hlt_play_dead() and avoids the
> inadvertent "revivals" of "dead" CPUs this way.
> A slightly unpleasant consequence of this change is that if the
> system is hibernated with one or more CPUs offline, it will generally
> draw more power after resume than it did before hibernation, because
> the physical state entered by CPUs via hlt_play_dead() is higher-power
> than the mwait_play_dead() one in the majority of cases. It is
> possible to work around this, but it is unclear how much of a problem
> that's going to be in practice, so the workaround will be implemented
> later if it turns out to be necessary.
> Link:
> Reported-by: Varun Koyyalagunta <cpudebug@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Original-by: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@xxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@xxxxxxxxx>

Acked-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@xxxxxx>

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