[ANNOUNCE] Git v2.10.0-rc2

From: Junio C Hamano
Date: Fri Aug 26 2016 - 18:31:45 EST

A release candidate Git v2.10.0-rc2 is now available for testing
at the usual places. It is comprised of 623 non-merge commits
since v2.9.0, contributed by 71 people, 22 of which are new faces.

The tarballs are found at:


The following public repositories all have a copy of the
'v2.10.0-rc2' tag and the 'master' branch that the tag points at:

url = https://kernel.googlesource.com/pub/scm/git/git
url = git://repo.or.cz/alt-git.git
url = git://git.sourceforge.jp/gitroot/git-core/git.git
url = git://git-core.git.sourceforge.net/gitroot/git-core/git-core
url = https://github.com/gitster/git

New contributors whose contributions weren't in v2.9.0 are as follows.
Welcome to the Git development community!

Alexander Hirsch, Andreas Brauchli, Andrew Oakley, Antoine Queru,
Ben Wijen, Christopher Layne, Dave Nicolson, David Glasser, Ed
Maste, Heiko Becker, Ingo BrÃckl, Jonathan Tan, Jordan DE GEA,
Josef Kufner, Keith McGuigan, Kevin Willford, LE Manh Cuong,
Michael Stahl, Parker Moore, Peter Colberg, Tom Russello,
and William Duclot.

Returning contributors who helped this release are as follows.
Thanks for your continued support.

Alex Henrie, Alfred Perlstein, Armin Kunaschik, brian m. carlson,
Charles Bailey, Chris Packham, Christian Couder, David A. Greene,
David Aguilar, David Kastrup, David Turner, Edward Thomson,
Elia Pinto, Eric Sunshine, Eric Wong, Heiko Voigt, Jacob Keller,
Jean-Noel Avila, Jeff King, Joey Hess, Johannes Schindelin,
Johannes Sixt, John Keeping, Jonathan Nieder, Josh Triplett,
Junio C Hamano, Lars Schneider, Lars Vogel, Linus Torvalds,
Lukas Fleischer, Matthieu Moy, Mehul Jain, Michael Haggerty,
Michael J Gruber, Mike Hommey, Nguyán ThÃi Ngác Duy,
Nicolas Pitre, Orgad Shaneh, Patrick Steinhardt, Pranit Bauva,
Ramsay Jones, Renà Scharfe, Ronald Wampler, Stefan Beller,
SZEDER GÃbor, Thomas Braun, Torsten BÃgershausen, Vasco
Almeida, and Ville SkyttÃ.


Git 2.10 Release Notes (draft)

Backward compatibility notes

Updates since v2.9

UI, Workflows & Features

* "git pull --rebase --verify-signature" learned to warn the user
that "--verify-signature" is a no-op when rebasing.

* An upstream project can make a recommendation to shallowly clone
some submodules in the .gitmodules file it ships.

* "git worktree add" learned that '-' can be used as a short-hand for
"@{-1}", the previous branch.

* Update the funcname definition to support css files.

* The completion script (in contrib/) learned to complete "git
status" options.

* Messages that are generated by auto gc during "git push" on the
receiving end are now passed back to the sending end in such a way
that they are shown with "remote: " prefix to avoid confusing the

* "git add -i/-p" learned to honor diff.compactionHeuristic
experimental knob, so that the user can work on the same hunk split
as "git diff" output.

* "upload-pack" allows a custom "git pack-objects" replacement when
responding to "fetch/clone" via the uploadpack.packObjectsHook.
(merge b738396 jk/upload-pack-hook later to maint).

* Teach format-patch and mailsplit (hence "am") how a line that
happens to begin with "From " in the e-mail message is quoted with
">", so that these lines can be restored to their original shape.
(merge d9925d1 ew/mboxrd-format-am later to maint).

* "git repack" learned the "--keep-unreachable" option, which sends
loose unreachable objects to a pack instead of leaving them loose.
This helps heuristics based on the number of loose objects
(e.g. "gc --auto").
(merge e26a8c4 jk/repack-keep-unreachable later to maint).

* "log --graph --format=" learned that "%>|(N)" specifies the width
relative to the terminal's left edge, not relative to the area to
draw text that is to the right of the ancestry-graph section. It
also now accepts negative N that means the column limit is relative
to the right border.

* A careless invocation of "git send-email directory/" after editing
0001-change.patch with an editor often ends up sending both
0001-change.patch and its backup file, 0001-change.patch~, causing
embarrassment and a minor confusion. Detect such an input and
offer to skip the backup files when sending the patches out.
(merge 531220b jc/send-email-skip-backup later to maint).

* "git submodule update" that drives many "git clone" could
eventually hit flaky servers/network conditions on one of the
submodules; the command learned to retry the attempt.

* The output coloring scheme learned two new attributes, italic and
strike, in addition to existing bold, reverse, etc.

* "git log" learns log.showSignature configuration variable, and a
command line option "--no-show-signature" to countermand it.
(merge fce04c3 mj/log-show-signature-conf later to maint).

* More markings of messages for i18n, with updates to various tests
to pass GETTEXT_POISON tests.

* "git archive" learned to handle files that are larger than 8GB and
commits far in the future than expressible by the traditional US-TAR
(merge 5caeeb8 jk/big-and-future-archive-tar later to maint).

* A new configuration variable core.sshCommand has been added to
specify what value for GIT_SSH_COMMAND to use per repository.

* "git worktree prune" protected worktrees that are marked as
"locked" by creating a file in a known location. "git worktree"
command learned a dedicated command pair to create and remove such
a file, so that the users do not have to do this with editor.

* A handful of "git svn" updates.

* "git push" learned to accept and pass extra options to the
receiving end so that hooks can read and react to them.

* "git status" learned to suggest "merge --abort" during a conflicted
merge, just like it already suggests "rebase --abort" during a
conflicted rebase.

* "git jump" script (in contrib/) has been updated a bit.
(merge a91e692 jk/git-jump later to maint).

* "git push" and "git clone" learned to give better progress meters
to the end user who is waiting on the terminal.

* An entry "git log --decorate" for the tip of the current branch is
shown as "HEAD -> name" (where "name" is the name of the branch);
the arrow is now painted in the same color as "HEAD", not in the
color for commits.

* "git format-patch" learned format.from configuration variable to
specify the default settings for its "--from" option.

* "git am -3" calls "git merge-recursive" when it needs to fall back
to a three-way merge; this call has been turned into an internal
subroutine call instead of spawning a separate subprocess.

* The command line completion scripts (in contrib/) now knows about
"git branch --delete/--move [--remote]".
(merge 2703c22 vs/completion-branch-fully-spelled-d-m-r later to maint).

* "git rev-parse --git-path hooks/<hook>" learned to take
core.hooksPath configuration variable (introduced during 2.9 cycle)
into account.
(merge 9445b49 ab/hooks later to maint).

* "git log --show-signature" and other commands that display the
verification status of PGP signature now shows the longer key-id,
as 32-bit key-id is so last century.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

* "git fast-import" learned the same performance trick to avoid
creating too small a packfile as "git fetch" and "git push" have,
using *.unpackLimit configuration.

* When "git daemon" is run without --[init-]timeout specified, a
connection from a client that silently goes offline can hang around
for a long time, wasting resources. The socket-level KEEPALIVE has
been enabled to allow the OS to notice such failed connections.

* "git upload-pack" command has been updated to use the parse-options

* The "git apply" standalone program is being libified; the first
step to move many state variables into a structure that can be
explicitly (re)initialized to make the machinery callable more
than once has been merged.

* HTTP transport gained an option to produce more detailed debugging
(merge 73e57aa ep/http-curl-trace later to maint).

* Instead of taking advantage of the fact that a struct string_list
that is allocated with all NULs happens to be the INIT_NODUP kind,
the users of string_list structures are taught to initialize them
explicitly as such, to document their behaviour better.
(merge 2721ce2 jk/string-list-static-init later to maint).

* HTTPd tests learned to show the server error log to help diagnosing
a failing tests.
(merge 44f243d nd/test-lib-httpd-show-error-log-in-verbose later to maint).

* The ownership rule for the piece of memory that hold references to
be fetched in "git fetch" was screwy, which has been cleaned up.

* "git bisect" makes an internal call to "git diff-tree" when
bisection finds the culprit, but this call did not initialize the
data structure to pass to the diff-tree API correctly.

* Further preparatory clean-up for "worktree" feature continues.
(merge 0409e0b nd/worktree-cleanup-post-head-protection later to maint).

* Formats of the various data (and how to validate them) where we use
GPG signature have been documented.

* A new run-command API function pipe_command() is introduced to
sanely feed data to the standard input while capturing data from
the standard output and the standard error of an external process,
which is cumbersome to hand-roll correctly without deadlocking.

* The codepath to sign data in a prepared buffer with GPG has been
updated to use this API to read from the status-fd to check for
errors (instead of relying on GPG's exit status).
(merge efee955 jk/gpg-interface-cleanup later to maint).

* Allow t/perf framework to use the features from the most recent
version of Git even when testing an older installed version.

* The commands in the "log/diff" family have had an FILE* pointer in the
data structure they pass around for a long time, but some codepaths
used to always write to the standard output. As a preparatory step
to make "git format-patch" available to the internal callers, these
codepaths have been updated to consistently write into that FILE*

* Conversion from unsigned char sha1[20] to struct object_id

* Improve the look of the way "git fetch" reports what happened to
each ref that was fetched.

* The .c/.h sources are marked as such in our .gitattributes file so
that "git diff -W" and friends would work better.

* Code clean-up to avoid using a variable string that compilers may
feel untrustable as printf-style format given to write_file()
helper function.

* "git p4" used a location outside $GIT_DIR/refs/ to place its
temporary branches, which has been moved to refs/git-p4-tmp/.

* Existing autoconf generated test for the need to link with pthread
library did not check all the functions from pthread libraries;
recent FreeBSD has some functions in libc but not others, and we
mistakenly thought linking with libc is enough when it is not.

* When "git fsck" reports a broken link (e.g. a tree object contains
a blob that does not exist), both containing object and the object
that is referred to were reported with their 40-hex object names.
The command learned the "--name-objects" option to show the path to
the containing object from existing refs (e.g. "HEAD~24^2:file.txt").

* Allow http daemon tests in Travis CI tests.

* Makefile assumed that -lrt is always available on platforms that
want to use clock_gettime() and CLOCK_MONOTONIC, which is not a
case for recent Mac OS X. The necessary symbols are often found in
libc on many modern systems and having -lrt on the command line, as
long as the library exists, had no effect, but when the platform
removes librt.a that is a different matter--having -lrt will break
the linkage.

This change could be seen as a regression for those who do need to
specify -lrt, as they now specifically ask for NEEDS_LIBRT when
building. Hopefully they are in the minority these days.

* Further preparatory work on the refs API before the pluggable
backend series can land.

* Error handling in the codepaths that updates refs has been

* The API to iterate over all the refs (i.e. for_each_ref(), etc.)
has been revamped.

* The handling of the "text=auto" attribute has been corrected.
$ echo "* text=auto eol=crlf" >.gitattributes
used to have the same effect as
$ echo "* text eol=crlf" >.gitattributes
i.e. declaring all files are text (ignoring "auto"). The
combination has been fixed to be equivalent to doing
$ git config core.autocrlf true

* Documentation has been updated to show better example usage
of the updated "text=auto" attribute.

* A few tests that specifically target "git rebase -i" have been

* Dumb http transport on the client side has been optimized.
(merge ecba195 ew/http-walker later to maint).

* Users of the parse_options_concat() API function need to allocate
extra slots in advance and fill them with OPT_END() when they want
to decide the set of supported options dynamically, which makes the
code error-prone and hard to read. This has been corrected by tweaking
the API to allocate and return a new copy of "struct option" array.

* "git fetch" exchanges batched have/ack messages between the sender
and the receiver, initially doubling every time and then falling
back to enlarge the window size linearly. The "smart http"
transport, being an half-duplex protocol, outgrows the preset limit
too quickly and becomes inefficient when interacting with a large
repository. The internal mechanism learned to grow the window size
more aggressively when working with the "smart http" transport.

* Tests for "git svn" have been taught to reuse the lib-httpd test
infrastructure when testing the subversion integration that
interacts with subversion repositories served over the http://
(merge a8a5d25 ew/git-svn-http-tests later to maint).

* "git pack-objects" has a few options that tell it not to pack
objects found in certain packfiles, which require it to scan .idx
files of all available packs. The codepaths involved in these
operations have been optimized for a common case of not having any
non-local pack and/or any .kept pack.

* The t3700 test about "add --chmod=-x" have been made a bit more
robust and generally cleaned up.
(merge 766cdc4 ib/t3700-add-chmod-x-updates later to maint).

* The build procedure learned PAGER_ENV knob that lists what default
environment variable settings to export for popular pagers. This
mechanism is used to tweak the default settings to MORE on FreeBSD.
(merge 995bc22 ew/build-time-pager-tweaks later to maint).

* The http-backend (the server-side component of smart-http
transport) used to trickle the HTTP header one at a time. Now
these write(2)s are batched.
(merge b36045c ew/http-backend-batch-headers later to maint).

* When "git rebase" tries to compare set of changes on the updated
upstream and our own branch, it computes patch-id for all of these
changes and attempts to find matches. This has been optimized by
lazily computing the full patch-id (which is expensive) to be
compared only for changes that touch the same set of paths.
(merge b3dfeeb kw/patch-ids-optim later to maint).

* A handful of tests that were broken under gettext-poison build have
been fixed.

* The recent i18n patch we added during this cycle did a bit too much
refactoring of the messages to avoid word-legos; the repetition has
been reduced to help translators.

Also contains various documentation updates and code clean-ups.

Fixes since v2.9

Unless otherwise noted, all the fixes since v2.8 in the maintenance
track are contained in this release (see the maintenance releases'
notes for details).

* The commands in `git log` family take %C(auto) in a custom format
string. This unconditionally turned the color on, ignoring
--no-color or with --color=auto when the output is not connected to
a tty; this was corrected to make the format truly behave as

* "git rev-list --count" whose walk-length is limited with "-n"
option did not work well with the counting optimized to look at the
bitmap index.

* "git show -W" (extend hunks to cover the entire function, delimited
by lines that match the "funcname" pattern) used to show the entire
file when a change added an entire function at the end of the file,
which has been fixed.

* The documentation set has been updated so that literal commands,
configuration variables and environment variables are consistently
typeset in fixed-width font and bold in manpages.

* "git svn propset" subcommand that was added in 2.3 days is
documented now.

* The documentation tries to consistently spell "GPG"; when
referring to the specific program name, "gpg" is used.

* "git reflog" stopped upon seeing an entry that denotes a branch
creation event (aka "unborn"), which made it appear as if the
reflog was truncated.

* The git-prompt scriptlet (in contrib/) was not friendly with those
who uses "set -u", which has been fixed.

* compat/regex code did not cleanly compile.

* A codepath that used alloca(3) to place an unbounded amount of data
on the stack has been updated to avoid doing so.

* "git update-index --add --chmod=+x file" may be usable as an escape
hatch, but not a friendly thing to force for people who do need to
use it regularly. "git add --chmod=+x file" can be used instead.

* Build improvements for gnome-keyring (in contrib/)

* "git status" used to say "working directory" when it meant "working

* Comments about misbehaving FreeBSD shells have been clarified with
the version number (9.x and before are broken, newer ones are OK).

* "git cherry-pick A" worked on an unborn branch, but "git
cherry-pick A..B" didn't.

* Fix an unintended regression in v2.9 that breaks "clone --depth"
that recurses down to submodules by forcing the submodules to also
be cloned shallowly, which many server instances that host upstream
of the submodules are not prepared for.

* Fix unnecessarily waste in the idiomatic use of ': ${VAR=default}'
to set the default value, without enclosing it in double quotes.

* Some platform-specific code had non-ANSI strict declarations of C
functions that do not take any parameters, which has been

* The internal code used to show local timezone offset is not
prepared to handle timestamps beyond year 2100, and gave a
bogus offset value to the caller. Use a more benign looking
+0000 instead and let "git log" going in such a case, instead
of aborting.

* One among four invocations of readlink(1) in our test suite has
been rewritten so that the test can run on systems without the
command (others are in valgrind test framework and t9802).

* t/perf needs /usr/bin/time with GNU extension; the invocation of it
is updated to "gtime" on Darwin.

* A bug, which caused "git p4" while running under verbose mode to
report paths that are omitted due to branch prefix incorrectly, has
been fixed; the command said "Ignoring file outside of prefix" for
paths that are _inside_.

* The top level documentation "git help git" still pointed at the
documentation set hosted at now-defunct google-code repository.
Update it to point to https://git.github.io/htmldocs/git.html

* A helper function that takes the contents of a commit object and
finds its subject line did not ignore leading blank lines, as is
commonly done by other codepaths. Make it ignore leading blank
lines to match.

* For a long time, we carried an in-code comment that said our
colored output would work only when we use fprintf/fputs on
Windows, which no longer is the case for the past few years.

* "gc.autoPackLimit" when set to 1 should not trigger a repacking
when there is only one pack, but the code counted poorly and did

* Add a test to specify the desired behaviour that currently is not
available in "git rebase -Xsubtree=...".

* More mark-up updates to typeset strings that are expected to
literally typed by the end user in fixed-width font.

* "git commit --amend --allow-empty-message -S" for a commit without
any message body could have misidentified where the header of the
commit object ends.

* "git rebase -i --autostash" did not restore the auto-stashed change
when the operation was aborted.

* Git does not know what the contents in the index should be for a
path added with "git add -N" yet, so "git grep --cached" should not
show hits (or show lack of hits, with -L) in such a path, but that
logic does not apply to "git grep", i.e. searching in the working
tree files. But we did so by mistake, which has been corrected.

* "git blame -M" missed a single line that was moved within the file.

* Fix recently introduced codepaths that are involved in parallel
submodule operations, which gave up on reading too early, and
could have wasted CPU while attempting to write under a corner
case condition.

* "git grep -i" has been taught to fold case in non-ascii locales

* A test that unconditionally used "mktemp" learned that the command
is not necessarily available everywhere.

* There are certain house-keeping tasks that need to be performed at
the very beginning of any Git program, and programs that are not
built-in commands had to do them exactly the same way as "git"
potty does. It was easy to make mistakes in one-off standalone
programs (like test helpers). A common "main()" function that
calls cmd_main() of individual program has been introduced to
make it harder to make mistakes.
(merge de61ceb jk/common-main later to maint).

* The test framework learned a new helper test_match_signal to
check an exit code from getting killed by an expected signal.

* General code clean-up around a helper function to write a
single-liner to a file.
(merge 7eb6e10 jk/write-file later to maint).

* One part of "git am" had an oddball helper function that called
stuff from outside "his" as opposed to calling what we have "ours",
which was not gender-neutral and also inconsistent with the rest of
the system where outside stuff is usuall called "theirs" in
contrast to "ours".

* "git blame file" allowed the lineage of lines in the uncommitted,
unadded contents of "file" to be inspected, but it refused when
"file" did not appear in the current commit. When "file" was
created by renaming an existing file (but the change has not been
committed), this restriction was unnecessarily tight.

* "git add -N dir/file && git write-tree" produced an incorrect tree
when there are other paths in the same directory that sorts after

* "git fetch http://user:pass@host/repo..."; scrubbed the userinfo
part, but "git push" didn't.

* "git merge" with renormalization did not work well with
merge-recursive, due to "safer crlf" conversion kicking in when it
(merge 1335d76 jc/renormalize-merge-kill-safer-crlf later to maint).

* The use of strbuf in "git rm" to build filename to remove was a bit
suboptimal, which has been fixed.

* An age old bug that caused "git diff --ignore-space-at-eol"
misbehave has been fixed.

* "git notes merge" had a code to see if a path exists (and fails if
it does) and then open the path for writing (when it doesn't).
Replace it with open with O_EXCL.

* "git pack-objects" and "git index-pack" mostly operate with off_t
when talking about the offset of objects in a packfile, but there
were a handful of places that used "unsigned long" to hold that
value, leading to an unintended truncation.

* Recent update to "git daemon" tries to enable the socket-level
KEEPALIVE, but when it is spawned via inetd, the standard input
file descriptor may not necessarily be connected to a socket.
Suppress an ENOTSOCK error from setsockopt().

* Recent FreeBSD stopped making perl available at /usr/bin/perl;
switch the default the built-in path to /usr/local/bin/perl on not
too ancient FreeBSD releases.

* "git commit --help" said "--no-verify" is only about skipping the
pre-commit hook, and failed to say that it also skipped the
commit-msg hook.

* "git merge" in Git v2.9 was taught to forbid merging an unrelated
lines of history by default, but that is exactly the kind of thing
the "--rejoin" mode of "git subtree" (in contrib/) wants to do.
"git subtree" has been taught to use the "--allow-unrelated-histories"
option to override the default.

* The build procedure for "git persistent-https" helper (in contrib/)
has been updated so that it can be built with more recent versions
of Go.

* There is an optimization used in "git diff $treeA $treeB" to borrow
an already checked-out copy in the working tree when it is known to
be the same as the blob being compared, expecting that open/mmap of
such a file is faster than reading it from the object store, which
involves inflating and applying delta. This however kicked in even
when the checked-out copy needs to go through the convert-to-git
conversion (including the clean filter), which defeats the whole
point of the optimization. The optimization has been disabled when
the conversion is necessary.

* "git -c grep.patternType=extended log --basic-regexp" misbehaved
because the internal API to access the grep machinery was not
designed well.

* Windows port was failing some tests in t4130, due to the lack of
inum in the returned values by its lstat(2) emulation.

* The reflog output format is documented better, and a new format
--date=unix to report the seconds-since-epoch (without timezone)
has been added.
(merge 442f6fd jk/reflog-date later to maint).

* "git difftool <paths>..." started in a subdirectory failed to
interpret the paths relative to that directory, which has been

* The characters in the label shown for tags/refs for commits in
"gitweb" output are now properly escaped for proper HTML output.

* FreeBSD can lie when asked mtime of a directory, which made the
untracked cache code to fall back to a slow-path, which in turn
caused tests in t7063 to fail because it wanted to verify the
behaviour of the fast-path.

* Squelch compiler warnings for nedmalloc (in compat/) library.

* A small memory leak in the command line parsing of "git blame"
has been plugged.

* The API documentation for hashmap was unclear if hashmap_entry
can be safely discarded without any other consideration. State
that it is safe to do so.

* Not-so-recent rewrite of "git am" that started making internal
calls into the commit machinery had an unintended regression, in
that no matter how many seconds it took to apply many patches, the
resulting committer timestamp for the resulting commits were all
the same.

* "git push --force-with-lease" already had enough logic to allow
ensuring that such a push results in creation of a ref (i.e. the
receiving end did not have another push from sideways that would be
discarded by our force-pushing), but didn't expose this possibility
to the users. It does so now.
(merge 9eed4f3 jk/push-force-with-lease-creation later to maint).

* The mechanism to limit the pack window memory size, when packing is
done using multiple threads (which is the default), is per-thread,
but this was not documented clearly.
(merge 954176c ms/document-pack-window-memory-is-per-thread later to maint).

* "import-tars" fast-import script (in contrib/) used to ignore a
hardlink target and replaced it with an empty file, which has been
corrected to record the same blob as the other file the hardlink is
shared with.
(merge 04e0869 js/import-tars-hardlinks later to maint).

* "git mv dir non-existing-dir/" did not work in some environments
the same way as existing mainstream platforms. The code now moves
"dir" to "non-existing-dir", without relying on rename("A", "B/")
that strips the trailing slash of '/'.
(merge 189d035 js/mv-dir-to-new-directory later to maint).

* The "t/" hierarchy is prone to get an unusual pathname; "make test"
has been taught to make sure they do not contain paths that cannot
be checked out on Windows (and the mechanism can be reusable to
catch pathnames that are not portable to other platforms as need
(merge c2cafd3 js/test-lint-pathname later to maint).

* When "git merge-recursive" works on history with many criss-cross
merges in "verbose" mode, the names the command assigns to the
virtual merge bases could have overwritten each other by unintended
reuse of the same piece of memory.
(merge 5447a76 rs/pull-signed-tag later to maint).

* "git checkout --detach <branch>" used to give the same advice
message as that is issued when "git checkout <tag>" (or anything
that is not a branch name) is given, but asking with "--detach" is
an explicit enough sign that the user knows what is going on. The
advice message has been squelched in this case.
(merge 779b88a sb/checkout-explit-detach-no-advice later to maint).

* "git difftool" by default ignores the error exit from the backend
commands it spawns, because often they signal that they found
differences by exiting with a non-zero status code just like "diff"
does; the exit status codes 126 and above however are special in
that they are used to signal that the command is not executable,
does not exist, or killed by a signal. "git difftool" has been
taught to notice these exit status codes.
(merge 45a4f5d jk/difftool-command-not-found later to maint).

* On Windows, help.browser configuration variable used to be ignored,
which has been corrected.
(merge 6db5967 js/no-html-bypass-on-windows later to maint).

* The "git -c var[=val] cmd" facility to append a configuration
variable definition at the end of the search order was described in
git(1) manual page, but not in git-config(1), which was more likely
place for people to look for when they ask "can I make a one-shot
override, and if so how?"
(merge ae1f709 dg/document-git-c-in-git-config-doc later to maint).

* The tempfile (hence its user lockfile) API lets the caller to open
a file descriptor to a temporary file, write into it and then
finalize it by first closing the filehandle and then either
removing or renaming the temporary file. When the process spawns a
subprocess after obtaining the file descriptor, and if the
subprocess has not exited when the attempt to remove or rename is
made, the last step fails on Windows, because the subprocess has
the file descriptor still open. Open tempfile with O_CLOEXEC flag
to avoid this (on Windows, this is mapped to O_NOINHERIT).
(merge 05d1ed6 bw/mingw-avoid-inheriting-fd-to-lockfile later to maint).

* Other minor clean-ups and documentation updates
(merge 02a8cfa rs/merge-add-strategies-simplification later to maint).
(merge af4941d rs/merge-recursive-string-list-init later to maint).
(merge 1eb47f1 rs/use-strbuf-add-unique-abbrev later to maint).
(merge ddd0bfa jk/tighten-alloc later to maint).
(merge ecf30b2 rs/mailinfo-lib later to maint).
(merge 0eb75ce sg/reflog-past-root later to maint).
(merge 175d38c hv/doc-commit-reference-style later to maint).


Changes since v2.9.0 are as follows:

Alex Henrie (1):
unpack-trees: fix English grammar in do-this-before-that messages

Alexander Hirsch (1):
pull: warn on --verify-signatures with --rebase

Alfred Perlstein (1):
git-svn: document the 'git svn propset' command

Andreas Brauchli (1):
gitweb: escape link body in format_ref_marker

Andrew Oakley (1):
git-p4: correct hasBranchPrefix verbose output

Antoine Queru (1):
upload-pack.c: use parse-options API

Armin Kunaschik (2):
t7800: readlink may not be available
t7610: test for mktemp before test execution

Ben Wijen (2):
t6026-merge-attr: child processes must not inherit index.lock handles
mingw: ensure temporary file handles are not inherited by child processes

Charles Bailey (4):
t7810: fix duplicated test title
t7810-grep.sh: fix duplicated test name
t7810-grep.sh: fix a whitespace inconsistency
grep: fix grepping for "intent to add" files

Chris Packham (1):
completion: add option '--recurse-submodules' to 'git clone'

Christian Couder (50):
builtin/apply: make gitdiff_verify_name() return void
builtin/apply: avoid parameter shadowing 'p_value' global
builtin/apply: avoid parameter shadowing 'linenr' global
builtin/apply: avoid local variable shadowing 'len' parameter
builtin/apply: extract line_by_line_fuzzy_match() from match_fragment()
builtin/apply: move 'options' variable into cmd_apply()
builtin/apply: move 'read_stdin' global into cmd_apply()
builtin/apply: introduce 'struct apply_state' to start libifying
builtin/apply: move 'state' init into init_apply_state()
builtin/apply: move 'unidiff_zero' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'check' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'check_index' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'apply_in_reverse' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'apply_with_reject' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'apply_verbosely' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'update_index' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'allow_overlap' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'cached' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'diffstat' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'numstat' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'summary' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'threeway' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'no_add' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'unsafe_paths' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'line_termination' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'fake_ancestor' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'p_context' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'apply' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'patch_input_file' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'limit_by_name' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'has_include' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'p_value' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'p_value_known' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'root' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'whitespace_error' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'whitespace_option' into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: remove whitespace_option arg from set_default_whitespace_mode()
builtin/apply: move 'squelch_whitespace_errors' into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'applied_after_fixing_ws' into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'ws_error_action' into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'ws_ignore_action' into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'max_change' and 'max_len' into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'state_linenr' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'fn_table' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'symlink_changes' global into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'state' check into check_apply_state()
builtin/apply: move applying patches into apply_all_patches()
builtin/apply: add 'lock_file' pointer into 'struct apply_state'
builtin/apply: move 'newfd' global into 'struct apply_state'
.mailmap: use Christian Couder's Tuxfamily address

Christopher Layne (1):
git-svn: clone: Fail on missing url argument

Dave Nicolson (1):
Documentation: GPG capitalization

David A. Greene (1):
contrib/subtree: Add a test for subtree rebase that loses commits

David Aguilar (6):
t7900-subtree.sh: fix quoting and broken && chains
subtree: fix "git subtree split --rejoin"
subtree: adjust style to match CodingGuidelines
subtree: adjust function definitions to match CodingGuidelines
difftool: avoid $GIT_DIR and $GIT_WORK_TREE
difftool: use Git::* functions instead of passing around state

David Glasser (1):
doc: mention `git -c` in git-config(1)

David Kastrup (1):
blame: require 0 context lines while finding moved lines with -M

David Turner (3):
refs: allow log-only updates
refs: don't dereference on rename
mailmap: use main email address for dturner

Ed Maste (1):
rebase: update comment about FreeBSD /bin/sh

Edward Thomson (2):
format_commit_message: honor `color=auto` for `%C(auto)`
add: add --chmod=+x / --chmod=-x options

Elia Pinto (2):
http.c: implement the GIT_TRACE_CURL environment variable
imap-send.c: introduce the GIT_TRACE_CURL enviroment variable

Eric Sunshine (1):
blame: drop strdup of string literal

Eric Wong (24):
fast-import: implement unpack limit
daemon: enable SO_KEEPALIVE for all sockets
fast-import: invalidate pack_id references after loosening
pretty: support "mboxrd" output format
mailsplit: support unescaping mboxrd messages
am: support --patch-format=mboxrd
git-svn: skip mergeinfo handling with --no-follow-parent
gc: fix off-by-one error with gc.autoPackLimit
xread: retry after poll on EAGAIN/EWOULDBLOCK
xwrite: poll on non-blocking FDs
git-svn: warn instead of dying when commit data is missing
hoist out handle_nonblock function for xread and xwrite
config.mak.uname: define NEEDS_LIBRT under Linux, for now
http-walker: remove unused parameter from fetch_object
http: avoid disconnecting on 404s for loose objects
http-walker: reduce O(n) ops with doubly-linked list
list: avoid incompatibility with *BSD sys/queue.h
daemon: ignore ENOTSOCK from setsockopt
configure.ac: stronger test for pthread linkage
git-svn: document svn.authorsProg in config
git-svn: allow --version to work anywhere
git svn: migrate tests to use lib-httpd
pager: move pager-specific setup into the build
http-backend: buffer headers before sending

Heiko Becker (1):
gnome-keyring: Don't hard-code pkg-config executable

Heiko Voigt (4):
submodule-config: passing name reference for .gitmodule blobs
submodule-config: combine early return code into one goto
submodule-config: fix test binary crashing when no arguments given
SubmittingPatches: document how to reference previous commits

Ingo BrÃckl (3):
t3700: remove unwanted leftover files before running new tests
t3700: merge two tests into one
t3700: add a test_mode_in_index helper function

Jacob Keller (1):
completion: add completion for --submodule=* diff option

Jean-Noel Avila (3):
i18n: fix typos for translation
i18n: fix git rebase interactive commit messages
i18n: simplify numeric error reporting

Jeff King (107):
git_config_with_options: drop "found" counting
git_config_parse_parameter: refactor cleanup code
config: set up config_source for command-line config
config: return configset value for current_config_ functions
config: add a notion of "scope"
upload-pack: provide a hook for running pack-objects
rev-list: "adjust" results of "--count --use-bitmap-index -n"
rev-list: disable bitmaps when "-n" is used with listing objects
tree-diff: avoid alloca for large allocations
send-pack: use buffered I/O to talk to pack-objects
parse_opt_string_list: stop allocating new strings
interpret-trailers: don't duplicate option strings
blame,shortlog: don't make local option variables static
use string_list initializer consistently
fetch: document that pruning happens before fetching
repack: document --unpack-unreachable option
repack: add --keep-unreachable option
repack: extend --keep-unreachable to loose objects
add--interactive: respect diff.compactionHeuristic
bisect: always call setup_revisions after init_revisions
gpg-interface: use child_process.args
verify_signed_buffer: drop pbuf variable
verify_signed_buffer: use tempfile object
run-command: add pipe_command helper
verify_signed_buffer: use pipe_command
sign_buffer: use pipe_command
t0006: rename test-date's "show" to "relative"
t0006: test various date formats
local_tzoffset: detect errors from tm_to_time_t
t/perf: fix regression in testing older versions of git
p4211: explicitly disable renames in no-rename test
color: fix max-size comment
doc: refactor description of color format
add skip_prefix_mem helper
color: refactor parse_attr
color: allow "no-" for negating attributes
color: support "italic" attribute
color: support strike-through attribute
t9300: factor out portable "head -c" replacement
t5000: test tar files that overflow ustar headers
archive-tar: write extended headers for file sizes >= 8GB
archive-tar: write extended headers for far-future mtime
archive-tar: drop return value
add an extra level of indirection to main()
common-main: call git_extract_argv0_path()
common-main: call sanitize_stdfds()
common-main: call restore_sigpipe_to_default()
common-main: call git_setup_gettext()
tests: factor portable signal check out of t0005
t0005: use test_match_signal as appropriate
test_must_fail: use test_match_signal
t/lib-git-daemon: use test_match_signal
parse_options: allocate a new array when concatenating
Makefile: drop extra dependencies for test helpers
Makefile: use VCSSVN_LIB to refer to svn library
config: fix bogus fd check when setting up default config
branch: use non-gentle write_file for branch description
write_file: drop "gently" form
write_file: use xopen
write_file: add pointer+len variant
write_file: add format attribute
use write_file_buf where applicable
branch: use write_file_buf instead of write_file
walker: let walker_say take arbitrary formats
avoid using sha1_to_hex output as printf format
push: anonymize URL in status output
t0006: skip "far in the future" test when unsigned long is not long enough
check_everything_connected: always pass --quiet to rev-list
rev-list: add optional progress reporting
check_everything_connected: convert to argv_array
check_everything_connected: use a struct with named options
check_connected: relay errors to alternate descriptor
check_connected: add progress flag
clone: use a real progress meter for connectivity check
index-pack: add flag for showing delta-resolution progress
receive-pack: turn on index-pack resolving progress
receive-pack: relay connectivity errors to sideband
receive-pack: turn on connectivity progress
receive-pack: send keepalives during quiet periods
t5541: fix url scrubbing test when GPG is not set
diff: do not reuse worktree files that need "clean" conversion
contrib/git-jump: fix greedy regex when matching hunks
contrib/git-jump: add whitespace-checking mode
contrib/git-jump: fix typo in README
doc/rev-list-options: clarify "commit@{Nth}" for "-g" option
doc/rev-list-options: explain "-g" output formats
doc/pretty-formats: describe index/time formats for %gd
doc/pretty-formats: explain shortening of %gd
t4205: drop top-level &&-chaining
t4205: indent here documents
date: document and test "raw-local" mode
date: add "unix" format
t/perf: add tests for many-pack scenarios
sha1_file: drop free_pack_by_name
add generic most-recently-used list
find_pack_entry: replace last_found_pack with MRU cache
pack-objects: break out of want_object loop early
pack-objects: compute local/ignore_pack_keep early
am: reset cached ident date for each patch
trace: handle NULL argument in trace_disable()
trace: stop using write_or_whine_pipe()
trace: use warning() for printing trace errors
trace: cosmetic fixes for error messages
trace: correct variable name in write() error message
trace: disable key after write error
write_or_die: drop write_or_whine_pipe()
trace: do not fall back to stderr

Joey Hess (1):
clarify %f documentation

Johannes Schindelin (59):
mingw: let the build succeed with DEVELOPER=1
perf: accommodate for MacOSX
pretty: make the skip_blank_lines() function public
commit.c: make find_commit_subject() more robust
t2300: "git --exec-path" is not usable in $PATH on Windows as-is
log: prepare log/log-tree to reuse the diffopt.close_file attribute
log-tree: respect diffopt's configured output file stream
line-log: respect diffopt's configured output file stream
graph: respect the diffopt.file setting
shortlog: support outputting to streams other than stdout
format-patch: explicitly switch off color when writing to files
format-patch: avoid freopen()
format-patch: use stdout directly
shortlog: respect the --output=<file> setting
t4211: ensure that log respects --output=<file>
color.h: remove obsolete comment about limitations on Windows
diff: do not color output when --color=auto and --output=<file> is given
t3404: fix a grammo (commands are ran -> commands are run)
commit -C: skip blank lines at the beginning of the message
sequencer: use skip_blank_lines() to find the commit subject
reset --hard: skip blank lines when reporting the commit subject
commit -S: avoid invalid pointer with empty message
mingw: declare main()'s argv as const
t3404: add a test for the --gpg-sign option
rebase -i: demonstrate a bug with --autosquash
rebase -i: we allow extra spaces after fixup!/squash!
am: counteract gender bias
diff: demonstrate a bug with --patience and --ignore-space-at-eol
diff: fix a double off-by-one with --ignore-space-at-eol
t/test-lib.sh: fix running tests with --valgrind
mingw: fix the shortlog --output=<file> test
mingw: fix regression in t1308-config-set
fsck: refactor how to describe objects
fsck_walk(): optionally name objects on the go
fsck: give the error function a chance to see the fsck_options
fsck: optionally show more helpful info for broken links
t5520: verify that `pull --rebase` shows the helpful advice when failing
die("bug"): report bugs consistently
die(_("BUG")): avoid translating bug messages
merge-recursive: clarify code in was_tracked()
prepare the builtins for a libified merge_recursive()
merge_recursive: abort properly upon errors
merge-recursive: avoid returning a wholesale struct
merge-recursive: allow write_tree_from_memory() to error out
merge-recursive: handle return values indicating errors
merge-recursive: switch to returning errors instead of dying
am -3: use merge_recursive() directly again
merge-recursive: flush output buffer before printing error messages
merge-recursive: write the commit title in one go
merge-recursive: offer an option to retain the output in 'obuf'
merge_trees(): ensure that the callers release output buffer
merge-recursive: flush output buffer even when erroring out
import-tars: support hard links
t5533: make it pass on case-sensitive filesystems
nedmalloc: fix misleading indentation
git mv: do not keep slash in `git mv dir non-existing-dir/`
t/Makefile: ensure that paths are valid on platforms we care
rev-parse: respect core.hooksPath in --git-path
Revert "display HTML in default browser using Windows' shell API"

Johannes Sixt (7):
Windows: add missing definition of ENOTSOCK
git-submodule: forward exit code of git-submodule--helper more faithfully
submodule-helper: fix indexing in clone retry error reporting path
rebase-interactive: trim leading whitespace from progress count
t4130: work around Windows limitation
config.c: avoid duplicated global static variables
commit-slab.h: avoid duplicated global static variables

John Keeping (5):
difftool: fix argument handling in subdirs
Documentation/git-push: fix placeholder formatting
push: add shorthand for --force-with-lease branch creation
push: allow pushing new branches with --force-with-lease
difftool: always honor fatal error exit codes

Jonathan Nieder (1):
doc: git-htmldocs.googlecode.com is no more

Jonathan Tan (1):
fetch-pack: grow stateless RPC windows exponentially

Jordan DE GEA (1):
worktree: allow "-" short-hand for @{-1} in add command

Josef Kufner (1):
pretty: pass graph width to pretty formatting for use in '%>|(N)'

Josh Triplett (1):
format-patch: format.from gives the default for --from

Junio C Hamano (42):
send-email: detect and offer to skip backup files
pathspec: rename free_pathspec() to clear_pathspec()
t1308: do not get fooled by symbolic links to the source tree
builtin/apply: remove misleading comment on lock_file field
blame, line-log: do not loop around deref_tag()
Start the post-2.9 cycle
clone: do not let --depth imply --shallow-submodules
Start preparing for 2.9.1
Second batch of topics for 2.10
More fixes for 2.9.1
Third batch of topics for 2.10
commit.c: remove print_commit_list()
Fourth batch of topics for 2.10
Git 2.9.1
merge: avoid "safer crlf" during recording of merge results
Fifth batch of topics for 2.10
diff: document diff-filter exclusion
Git 2.9.2
archive-tar: huge offset and future timestamps would not work on 32-bit
Sixth batch of topics for 2.10
grep: further simplify setting the pattern type
Seventh batch of topics for 2.10
date: clarify --date=raw description
Some fixes for 2.9.3
t9100: portability fix
Eighth batch of topics for 2.10
hashmap: clarify that hashmap_entry can safely be discarded
Ninth batch of topics for 2.10
Tenth batch for 2.10
Hopefully final batch for 2.9.3
Eleventh batch for 2.10
Yet another batch for 2.9.3
Twelfth batch for 2.10
Git 2.9.3
Final batch before 2.10-rc0
Git 2.10-rc0
Relnotes: decribe the updates to the "text=auto" attribute
relnotes: redo the description of text=auto fix
RelNotes: final batch of topics before -rc1
Git 2.10-rc1
Prepare for 2.10.0-rc2
Git 2.10-rc2

Keith McGuigan (1):
builtin/fetch.c: don't free remote->name after fetch

Kevin Willford (4):
patch-ids: stop using a hand-rolled hashmap implementation
patch-ids: replace the seen indicator with a commit pointer
patch-ids: add flag to create the diff patch id using header only data
rebase: avoid computing unnecessary patch IDs

LE Manh Cuong (1):
sh-setup: enclose setting of ${VAR=default} in double-quotes

Lars Schneider (2):
git-p4: place temporary refs used for branch import under refs/git-p4-tmp
travis-ci: enable web server tests t55xx on Linux

Lars Vogel (1):
Use "working tree" instead of "working directory" for git status

Linus Torvalds (1):
gpg-interface: prefer "long" key format output when verifying pgp signatures

Lukas Fleischer (4):
receive-pack: send auto-gc output over sideband 2
sideband.c: make send_sideband() return void
upload-pack.c: make send_client_data() return void
sideband.c: refactor recv_sideband()

Matthieu Moy (9):
Documentation/git-mv.txt: fix whitespace indentation
doc: typeset short command-line options as literal
doc: typeset long command-line options as literal
doc: typeset '--' as literal
doc: typeset long options with argument as literal
CodingGuidelines: formatting HEAD in documentation
doc: typeset HEAD and variants as literal
status: suggest 'git merge --abort' when appropriate
git-multimail: update to release 1.4.0

Mehul Jain (3):
t4202: refactor test
log: add "--no-show-signature" command line option
log: add log.showSignature configuration variable

Michael Haggerty (50):
t1404: demonstrate a bug resolving references
commit_ref(): if there is an empty dir in the way, delete it
read_raw_ref(): don't get confused by an empty directory
safe_create_leading_directories(): improve docstring
remove_dir_recursively(): add docstring
refname_is_safe(): use skip_prefix()
refname_is_safe(): don't allow the empty string
refname_is_safe(): insist that the refname already be normalized
commit_ref_update(): write error message to *err, not stderr
rename_ref(): remove unneeded local variable
ref_transaction_commit(): remove local variables n and updates
read_raw_ref(): rename flags argument to type
read_raw_ref(): clear *type at start of function
read_raw_ref(): rename symref argument to referent
read_raw_ref(): improve docstring
read_raw_ref(): move docstring to header file
lock_ref_sha1_basic(): remove unneeded local variable
refs: make error messages more consistent
ref_transaction_create(): disallow recursive pruning
ref_transaction_commit(): correctly report close_ref() failure
delete_branches(): use resolve_refdup()
verify_refname_available(): adjust constness in declaration
add_update(): initialize the whole ref_update
lock_ref_for_update(): new function
unlock_ref(): move definition higher in the file
ref_transaction_update(): check refname_is_safe() at a minimum
refs: resolve symbolic refs first
lock_ref_for_update(): don't re-read non-symbolic references
lock_ref_for_update(): don't resolve symrefs
commit_ref_update(): remove the flags parameter
lock_ref_sha1_basic(): only handle REF_NODEREF mode
refs: remove unnecessary "extern" keywords
do_for_each_ref(): move docstring to the header file
refs: use name "prefix" consistently
delete_refs(): add a flags argument
remote rm: handle symbolic refs correctly
get_ref_cache(): only create an instance if there is a submodule
entry_resolves_to_object(): rename function from ref_resolves_to_object()
ref_resolves_to_object(): new function
refs: introduce an iterator interface
do_for_each_ref(): reimplement using reference iteration
for_each_reflog(): don't abort for bad references
dir_iterator: new API for iterating over a directory tree
for_each_reflog(): reimplement using iterators
t1404: rename file to t1404-update-ref-errors.sh
t1404: remove "prefix" argument to test_update_rejected
t1404: document function test_update_rejected
t1404: add more tests of update-ref error handling
lock_ref_for_update(): make error handling more uniform
lock_ref_for_update(): avoid a symref resolution

Michael J Gruber (7):
cherry-pick: allow to pick to unborn branches
Documentation/technical: describe signature formats
Documentation/technical: signed tag format
Documentation/technical: signed commit format
Documentation/technical: signed merge tag format
gpg-interface: check gpg signature creation status
t/t91*: do not say how to avoid the tests

Michael Stahl (1):
document git-repack interaction of pack.threads and pack.windowMemory

Mike Hommey (2):
blame: allow to blame paths freshly added to the index
t/t8003-blame-corner-cases.sh: Use here documents

Nguyán ThÃi Ngác Duy (47):
completion: support git-worktree
worktree.c: rewrite mark_current_worktree() to avoid strbuf
git-worktree.txt: keep subcommand listing in alphabetical order
worktree.c: use is_dot_or_dotdot()
worktree: avoid 0{40}, too many zeroes, hard to read
worktree: simplify prefixing paths
worktree.c: add find_worktree()
worktree.c: add is_main_worktree()
lib-httpd.sh: print error.log on error
worktree.c: add is_worktree_locked()
pretty.c: support <direction>|(<negative number>) forms
new-command.txt: correct the command description file
grep: break down an "if" stmt in preparation for next changes
test-regex: isolate the bug test code
test-regex: expose full regcomp() to the command line
grep/icase: avoid kwsset on literal non-ascii strings
git-fetch.txt: document fetch output
fetch: refactor ref update status formatting code
fetch: change flag code for displaying tag update and deleted ref
grep/icase: avoid kwsset when -F is specified
grep: rewrite an if/else condition to avoid duplicate expression
grep/pcre: prepare locale-dependent tables for icase matching
gettext: add is_utf8_locale()
grep/pcre: support utf-8
diffcore-pickaxe: Add regcomp_or_die()
diffcore-pickaxe: support case insensitive match on non-ascii
grep.c: reuse "icase" variable
fetch: align all "remote -> local" output
fetch: reduce duplicate in ref update status lines with placeholder
connect: read $GIT_SSH_COMMAND from config file
worktree: add "lock" command
worktree: add "unlock" command
worktree.c: find_worktree() search by path suffix
pack-objects: pass length to check_pack_crc() without truncation
log: decorate HEAD -> branch with the same color for arrow and HEAD
sha1_file.c: use type off_t* for object_info->disk_sizep
index-pack: correct "len" type in unpack_data()
index-pack: report correct bad object offsets even if they are large
index-pack: correct "offset" type in unpack_entry_data()
pack-objects: do not truncate result in-pack object size on 32-bit systems
fsck: use streaming interface for large blobs in pack
test-lib.sh: introduce and use $EMPTY_TREE
test-lib.sh: introduce and use $EMPTY_BLOB
cache-tree.c: fix i-t-a entry skipping directory updates sometimes
cache-tree: do not generate empty trees as a result of all i-t-a subentries
config.mak.uname: correct perl path on FreeBSD
t7063: work around FreeBSD's lazy mtime update feature

Nicolas Pitre (1):
sideband.c: small optimization of strbuf usage

Orgad Shaneh (1):
commit: describe that --no-verify skips the commit-msg hook in the help text

Parker Moore (2):
contrib/persistent-https: update ldflags syntax for Go 1.7+
contrib/persistent-https: use Git version for build label

Patrick Steinhardt (1):
rebase -i: restore autostash on abort

Peter Colberg (2):
refs.h: fix misspelt "occurred" in a comment
config.c: fix misspelt "occurred" in an error message

Pranit Bauva (2):
builtin/commit.c: memoize git-path for COMMIT_EDITMSG
strbuf: describe the return value of strbuf_read_file

Ramsay Jones (2):
regex: fix a SIZE_MAX macro redefinition warning
write_or_die: remove the unused write_or_whine() function

Renà Scharfe (33):
t4051: rewrite, add more tests
xdiff: factor out match_func_rec()
xdiff: handle appended chunks better with -W
xdiff: ignore empty lines before added functions with -W
xdiff: -W: don't include common trailing empty lines in context
xdiff: don't trim common tail with -W
t7810: add test for grep -W and trailing empty context lines
grep: -W: don't extend context to trailing empty lines
xdiff: fix merging of appended hunk with -W
.gitattributes: set file type for C files
notes-merge: use O_EXCL to avoid overwriting existing files
am: ignore return value of write_file()
rm: reuse strbuf for all remove_dir_recursively() calls
worktree: use strbuf_add_absolute_path() directly
use strbuf_addbuf() for appending a strbuf to another
submodule-config: use explicit empty string instead of strbuf in config_from()
strbuf: avoid calling strbuf_grow() twice in strbuf_addbuf()
use strbuf_addstr() for adding constant strings to a strbuf
pass constants as first argument to st_mult()
use strbuf_addstr() instead of strbuf_addf() with "%s"
use CHILD_PROCESS_INIT to initialize automatic variables
merge-recursive: use STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP
merge: use string_list_split() in add_strategies()
nedmalloc: work around overzealous GCC 6 warning
archive-tar: make write_extended_header() void
use strbuf_add_unique_abbrev() for adding short hashes
correct FLEXPTR_* example in comment
mailinfo: recycle strbuf in check_header()
commit: use xstrdup() in get_merge_parent()
commit: factor out set_merge_remote_desc()
merge-recursive: fix verbose output for multiple base trees
commit: use FLEX_ARRAY in struct merge_remote_desc
receive-pack: use FLEX_ALLOC_MEM in queue_command()

Ronald Wampler (1):
Makefile: add NEEDS_LIBRT to optionally link with librt

SZEDER GÃbor (2):
reflog: continue walking the reflog past root commits
t1410: remove superfluous 'git reflog' from the 'walk past root' test

Stefan Beller (23):
submodule update: make use of the existing fetch_in_submodule function
submodule-config: keep shallow recommendation around
submodule update: learn `--[no-]recommend-shallow` option
submodule--helper: initial clone learns retry logic
submodule update: continue when a clone fails
t5614: don't use subshells
push options: {pre,post}-receive hook learns about push options
receive-pack: implement advertising and receiving push options
push: accept push options
add a test for push options
Documentation: pack-protocol correct NAK response
submodule deinit: remove outdated comment
t7406: future proof tests with hard coded depth
submodule update: respect depth in subsequent fetches
submodule update: narrow scope of local variable
submodule--helper: fix usage string for relative-path
submodule-config: keep configured branch around
gitmodules: document shallow recommendation
submodule--helper: add remote-branch helper
submodule update: allow '.' for branch value
submodule--helper: use parallel processor correctly
t7406: fix breakage on OSX
checkout: do not mention detach advice for explicit --detach option

Thomas Braun (3):
completion: factor out untracked file modes into a variable
completion: add __git_get_option_value helper
completion: add git status

Tom Russello (4):
doc: clearer rule about formatting literals
doc: change environment variables format
doc: more consistency in environment variables format
doc: change configuration variables format

Torsten BÃgershausen (4):
convert: unify the "auto" handling of CRLF
convert: Correct NNO tests and missing `LF will be replaced by CRLF`
git ls-files: text=auto eol=lf is supported in Git 2.10
gitattributes: Document the unified "auto" handling

Vasco Almeida (47):
i18n: builtin/remote.c: fix mark for translation
i18n: advice: mark string about detached head for translation
i18n: advice: internationalize message for conflicts
i18n: transport: mark strings for translation
i18n: sequencer: mark entire sentences for translation
i18n: rebase-interactive: mark here-doc strings for translation
i18n: sequencer: mark string for translation
i18n: rebase-interactive: mark comments of squash for translation
i18n: merge-octopus: mark messages for translation
i18n: setup: mark strings for translation
merge-octopus: use die shell function from git-sh-setup.sh
tests: use test_i18n* functions to suppress false positives
i18n: rebase: fix marked string to use eval_gettext variant
tests: unpack-trees: update to use test_i18n* functions
i18n: rebase: mark placeholder for translation
t9003: become resilient to GETTEXT_POISON
i18n: bisect: simplify error message for i18n
t4153: fix negated test_i18ngrep call
t6030: update to use test_i18ncmp
t5523: use test_i18ngrep for negation
i18n: git-sh-setup.sh: mark strings for translation
i18n: bisect: mark strings for translation
i18n: rebase-interactive: mark strings for translation
i18n: transport-helper.c: change N_() call to _()
i18n: notes: mark strings for translation
i18n: notes: mark options for translation
i18n: merge: mark messages for translation
i18n: merge: change command option help to lowercase
i18n: sequencer: add period to error message
i18n: standardise messages
i18n: remote: mark URL fallback text for translation
i18n: remote: allow translations to reorder message
i18n: init-db: join message pieces
i18n: submodule: join strings marked for translation
i18n: submodule: escape shell variables inside eval_gettext
i18n: unmark die messages for translation
i18n: branch: mark comment when editing branch description for translation
t5541: become resilient to GETTEXT_POISON
t5510: skip tests under GETTEXT_POISON build
i18n: notes: mark comment for translation
i18n: config: unfold error messages marked for translation
i18n: setup: mark error messages for translation
i18n: archive: mark errors for translation
i18n: git-stash: mark messages for translation
t3404: become resilient to GETTEXT_POISON
t5520: become resilient to GETTEXT_POISON
t7411: become resilient to GETTEXT_POISON

Ville Skyttà (3):
git-prompt.sh: Don't error on null ${ZSH,BASH}_VERSION, $short_sha
completion: complete --delete, --move, and --remotes for git branch
Spelling fixes

William Duclot (1):
userdiff: add built-in pattern for CSS

brian m. carlson (11):
hex: add oid_to_hex_r()
contrib/coccinelle: add basic Coccinelle transforms
coccinelle: convert hashcpy() with null_sha1 to hashclr()
coccinelle: apply object_id Coccinelle transformations
diff: convert struct diff_filespec to struct object_id
diff: rename struct diff_filespec's sha1_valid member
merge-recursive: convert struct stage_data to use object_id
merge-recursive: convert struct merge_file_info to object_id
merge-recursive: convert leaf functions to use struct object_id
merge-recursive: convert merge_recursive_generic() to object_id
diff: convert prep_temp_blob() to struct object_id