Re: [PATCH 1/2] NFSv4.1: work around -Wmaybe-uninitialized warning

From: Arnd Bergmann
Date: Wed Aug 31 2016 - 11:52:15 EST

On Wednesday, August 31, 2016 3:02:42 PM CEST Trond Myklebust wrote:
> > On Aug 31, 2016, at 09:37, Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> > On Wednesday, August 31, 2016 1:17:48 PM CEST Trond Myklebust wrote:
> >> What version of gcc are you using? Iâm unable to reproduce with gcc 6.1.1..
> >
> > This is also on 6.1.1 for ARM. Note that 6e8d666e9253 ("Disable
> > "maybe-uninitialized" warning globally") turned off those warnings, so
> > unless you explicitly pass -Wmaybe-uninitialized (e.g. by building with
> > "make W=1"), you won't get it.
> >
> Iâm not getting that error on gcc 6.1.1 for x86_64 with either âmake W=1â or âmake W=2â.
> âmake W=3â does gives rise to one warning in nfs4_slot_get_seqid:

Ok, I had not realized that the patch that Linus did disabled the warning
for all levels, I'll try to come up a patch to bring it back at W=1 level.

On my system, I had simply reverted the patch that turned off the
warning, but I have now verified that I get it with
"make EXTRA_CFLAGS=-Wmaybe-uninitialized" on an x86 defconfig with gcc-5 and

> /home/trondmy/devel/kernel/linux/fs/nfs/nfs4session.c: In function ânfs4_slot_get_seqidâ:
> /home/trondmy/devel/kernel/linux/fs/nfs/nfs4session.c:184:10: warning: conversion to âintâ from âlong intâ may alter its value [-Wconversion]
> return PTR_ERR(slot);
> ^~~~~~~~~~~~~
> (which is another false positive) but thatâs all...

sure, W=3 is useless.

> > The reason I'm still sending the patches for this warning is that
> > we do get a number of valid ones (this was the only false positive
> > out of the seven such warnings since last week).
> There is a Zen-like quality to IS_ERR() when it casts a const pointer to an unsigned long, back to a non-const pointer, and then back to an unsigned long before comparing it to another unsigned long cast constant negative integer. However, Iâm not sure the C99 standard would agree that a positive test result implies we can assume that a simple cast of the same pointer to a signed long will result in a negative, non-zero valued errno.
> I suspect that if we really want to fix these false negatives, we should probably address that issue.

I've looked into this before, as we've had a couple of these cases (I
think less than 10 in the whole kernel, but they keep coming up every
few releases), and I couldn't find a way to make IS_ERR more transparent.

Using IS_ERR_OR_ZERO() seems like a good enough solution, and will
probably result in slightly better code (I have not checked this
specific case though), as we can also skip the second runtime check.