Re: [RFC PATCH 2/8] thread_info: allow custom in-task thread_info

From: Mark Rutland
Date: Wed Sep 21 2016 - 06:29:01 EST

Hi Andy,

On Fri, Sep 16, 2016 at 08:11:14AM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> > On Thu, Sep 15, 2016 at 11:37:47AM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> > Just to check, what do you mean to happen with the flags field? Should
> > that always be in the generic thread_info? e.g.
> >
> > struct thread_info {
> > u32 flags;
> > #ifdef arch_thread_info
> > struct arch_thread_info arch_ti;
> > #endif
> > };
> Exactly. Possibly with a comment that using thread_struct should be
> preferred and that arch_thread_info should be used only if some header
> file requires access via current_thread_info() or task_thread_info().

While fixing up these patches, I realised that I'm somewhat concerned by
flags becoming a u32 (where it was previously an unsigned long for

The generic {test,set,*}_ti_thread_flag() helpers use the usual bitops,
which perform accesses of sizeof(unsigned long) at a time, and for arm64
these need to be naturally-aligned.

We happen to get that alignment from subsequent fields in task_struct
and/or thread_info, and for arm64 we don't seem to have a problem with
tearing, but it feels somewhat fragile, and leaves me uneasy.

Looking at the git log, it seems that x86 also use unsigned long until
commit affa219b60a11b32 ("x86: change thread_info's flag field back to
32 bits"), where if I'm reading correctly, this was done to get rid of
unnecessary padding. With THREAD_INFO_IN_STACK, thread_info::flags is
immediately followed by a long on x86, so we save no padding.

Given all that, can we make the generic thread_info::flags an unsigned
long, matching what the thread flag helpers implicitly assume?