[tip:irq/core] softirq: Let ksoftirqd do its job

From: tip-bot for Eric Dumazet
Date: Fri Sep 30 2016 - 07:56:03 EST

Commit-ID: 4cd13c21b207e80ddb1144c576500098f2d5f882
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/4cd13c21b207e80ddb1144c576500098f2d5f882
Author: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@xxxxxxxxxx>
AuthorDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2016 10:42:29 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
CommitDate: Fri, 30 Sep 2016 10:43:36 +0200

softirq: Let ksoftirqd do its job

A while back, Paolo and Hannes sent an RFC patch adding threaded-able
napi poll loop support : (https://patchwork.ozlabs.org/patch/620657/)

The problem seems to be that softirqs are very aggressive and are often
handled by the current process, even if we are under stress and that
ksoftirqd was scheduled, so that innocent threads would have more chance
to make progress.

This patch makes sure that if ksoftirq is running, we let it
perform the softirq work.

Jonathan Corbet summarized the issue in https://lwn.net/Articles/687617/


- NIC receiving traffic handled by CPU 0
- UDP receiver running on CPU 0, using a single UDP socket.
- Incoming flood of UDP packets targeting the UDP socket.

Before the patch, the UDP receiver could almost never get CPU cycles and
could only receive ~2,000 packets per second.

After the patch, CPU cycles are split 50/50 between user application and
ksoftirqd/0, and we can effectively read ~900,000 packets per second,
a huge improvement in DOS situation. (Note that more packets are now
dropped by the NIC itself, since the BH handlers get less CPU cycles to
drain RX ring buffer)

Since the load runs in well identified threads context, an admin can
more easily tune process scheduling parameters if needed.

Reported-by: Paolo Abeni <pabeni@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: David Miller <davem@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Hannes Frederic Sowa <hannes@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <jbrouer@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1472665349.14381.356.camel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
kernel/softirq.c | 16 +++++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/softirq.c b/kernel/softirq.c
index 17caf4b..8ed90e3 100644
--- a/kernel/softirq.c
+++ b/kernel/softirq.c
@@ -78,6 +78,17 @@ static void wakeup_softirqd(void)

+ * If ksoftirqd is scheduled, we do not want to process pending softirqs
+ * right now. Let ksoftirqd handle this at its own rate, to get fairness.
+ */
+static bool ksoftirqd_running(void)
+ struct task_struct *tsk = __this_cpu_read(ksoftirqd);
+ return tsk && (tsk->state == TASK_RUNNING);
* preempt_count and SOFTIRQ_OFFSET usage:
* - preempt_count is changed by SOFTIRQ_OFFSET on entering or leaving
* softirq processing.
@@ -313,7 +324,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void do_softirq(void)

pending = local_softirq_pending();

- if (pending)
+ if (pending && !ksoftirqd_running())

@@ -340,6 +351,9 @@ void irq_enter(void)

static inline void invoke_softirq(void)
+ if (ksoftirqd_running())
+ return;
if (!force_irqthreads) {