Re: [PATCH 0/4] use up highorder free pages before OOM

From: Michal Hocko
Date: Fri Oct 07 2016 - 05:16:38 EST

On Fri 07-10-16 14:45:32, Minchan Kim wrote:
> I got OOM report from production team with v4.4 kernel.
> It has enough free memory but failed to allocate order-0 page and
> finally encounter OOM kill.
> I could reproduce it with my test easily. Look at below.
> The reason is free pages(19M) of DMA32 zone are reserved for
> HIGHORDERATOMIC and doesn't unreserved before the OOM.

Is this really reproducible?

> active_anon:383949 inactive_anon:106724 isolated_anon:0
> active_file:15 inactive_file:44 isolated_file:0
> unevictable:0 dirty:0 writeback:24 unstable:0
> slab_reclaimable:2483 slab_unreclaimable:3326
> mapped:0 shmem:0 pagetables:1906 bounce:0
> free:6898 free_pcp:291 free_cma:0
> Free swap = 8kB
> Total swap = 255996kB
> 524158 pages RAM
> 0 pages HighMem/MovableOnly
> 12658 pages reserved
> 0 pages cma reserved
> 0 pages hwpoisoned

>From the above you can see that you are pretty much out of memory. There
is basically no pagecache to reclaim and your anon memory is not
reclaimable either because the swap is basically full. It is true that
the high atomic reserves consume 19MB which could be reused but this
less than 1%, especially when you compare that to the amount of reserved

So while I do agree that potential issues - misaccounting and others you
are addressing in the follow up patch - are good to fix but I believe that
draining last 19M is not something that would reliably get you over the
edge. Your workload (93% of memory sitting on anon LRU with swap full)
simply doesn't fit into the amount of memory you have available.
Michal Hocko