Re: [PATCH 0/3] Add memremap executable mapping and extend drivers/misc/sram.c
From: Tony Lindgren
Date: Mon Nov 07 2016 - 12:43:20 EST
* Russell King - ARM Linux <linux@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> [161107 04:05]:
> On Thu, Oct 27, 2016 at 01:56:09PM -0500, Dave Gerlach wrote:
> > There are several instances when one would want to execute out of on-chip
> > SRAM, such as PM code on ARM platforms, so once again revisiting this
> > series to allow that in a generic manner. Seems that having a solution for
> > allowing SRAM to be mapped as executable will help clean up PM code on several
> > ARM platforms that are using ARM internal __arm_ioremap_exec API
> > and also open the door for PM support on new platforms like TI AM335x and
> > AM437x. This was last sent as RFC here  and based on comments from Russell
> > King and Arnd Bergmann has been rewritten to use memremap API rather than
> > ioremap API, as executable iomem does not really make sense.
> This is better, as it avoids the issue that I pointed out last time
> around, but I'm still left wondering about the approach.
> Sure, having executable SRAM mappings sounds nice and easy, but we're
> creating WX mappings. Folk have spent a while improving the security of
> the kernel by ensuring that there are no WX mappings, and this series
> reintroduces them. The sad thing is that any WX mapping which appears
> at a known address can be exploited.
> "A known address" can be something that appears to be random, but ends
> up being the same across the same device type... or can be discovered
> by some means. Eg, consider if the WX mapping is dynamically allocated,
> but occurs at exactly the same point at boot - and if this happens with
> android phones, consider how many of those are out there. Or if the
> address of the WX mapping is available via some hardware register.
> See Kees Cook's slides at last years kernel summit -
> So, I think avoiding WX mappings - mappings should be either W or X but
> not both simultaneously (see page 19.)
> I guess what I'm angling at is that we don't want memremap_exec(), but
> we need an API which changes the permissions of a SRAM mapping between
> allowing writes and allowing execution.
That should work just fine. So first copy the code to SRAM,
then set it read-only and exectuable. Note that we need to
restore the state of SRAM every time when returning from
off mode during idle on some SoCs.