Re: [PATCH v5 0/5] Update LZ4 compressor module

From: Eric Biggers
Date: Thu Jan 26 2017 - 04:20:06 EST

On Thu, Jan 26, 2017 at 08:57:30AM +0100, Sven Schmidt wrote:
> This patchset is for updating the LZ4 compression module to a version based
> on LZ4 v1.7.3 allowing to use the fast compression algorithm aka LZ4 fast
> which provides an "acceleration" parameter as a tradeoff between
> high compression ratio and high compression speed.
> We want to use LZ4 fast in order to support compression in lustre
> and (mostly, based on that) investigate data reduction techniques in behalf of
> storage systems.
> Also, it will be useful for other users of LZ4 compression, as with LZ4 fast
> it is possible to enable applications to use fast and/or high compression
> depending on the usecase.
> For instance, ZRAM is offering a LZ4 backend and could benefit from an updated
> LZ4 in the kernel.

Hi Sven,

[For some reason I didn't receive patch 1/5 and had to get it from patchwork...
I'm not sure why. I'm subscribed to linux-crypto but not linux-kernel.]

The proposed patch defines LZ4_MEMORY_USAGE to 10 which means that LZ4
compression will use a hash table of only 1024 bytes, containing only 256
entries, to find matches. This differs from upstream LZ4 1.7.3, which uses
LZ4_MEMORY_USAGE of 14, as well as the previous LZ4 included in the Linux
kernel, both of which specify the hash table size to be 16384 bytes, containing
4096 entries.

Given that varying the hash table size is a trade-off between memory usage,
speed, and compression ratio, is this an intentional difference and has it been

Also, in lz4defs.h:

> #if defined(__x86_64__)
> typedef U64 reg_t; /* 64-bits in x32 mode */
> #else
> typedef size_t reg_t; /* 32-bits in x32 mode */
> #endif

Are you sure this really needed over just always using size_t?

> #if LZ4_ARCH64
> #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN__
> #define LZ4_NBCOMMONBYTES(val) (__builtin_clzll(val) >> 3)
> #else
> #define LZ4_NBCOMMONBYTES(val) (__builtin_clzll(val) >> 3)
> #endif
> #else
> #ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN__
> #define LZ4_NBCOMMONBYTES(val) (__builtin_clz(val) >> 3)
> #else
> #define LZ4_NBCOMMONBYTES(val) (__builtin_ctz(val) >> 3)
> #endif
> #endif

LZ4_NBCOMMONBYTES() is defined incorrectly for 64-bit little endian; it should
be using __builtin_ctzll().

Nit: can you also clean up the weird indentation (e.g. double tabs) in