Re: [PATCH 03/10] slab: remove synchronous rcu_barrier() call in memcg cache release path

From: Vladimir Davydov
Date: Fri Jan 27 2017 - 13:24:25 EST

On Tue, Jan 17, 2017 at 03:54:04PM -0800, Tejun Heo wrote:
> With kmem cgroup support enabled, kmem_caches can be created and
> destroyed frequently and a great number of near empty kmem_caches can
> accumulate if there are a lot of transient cgroups and the system is
> not under memory pressure. When memory reclaim starts under such
> conditions, it can lead to consecutive deactivation and destruction of
> many kmem_caches, easily hundreds of thousands on moderately large
> systems, exposing scalability issues in the current slab management
> code. This is one of the patches to address the issue.
> SLAB_DESTORY_BY_RCU caches need to flush all RCU operations before
> destruction because slab pages are freed through RCU and they need to
> be able to dereference the associated kmem_cache. Currently, it's
> done synchronously with rcu_barrier(). As rcu_barrier() is expensive
> time-wise, slab implements a batching mechanism so that rcu_barrier()
> can be done for multiple caches at the same time.
> Unfortunately, the rcu_barrier() is in synchronous path which is
> called while holding cgroup_mutex and the batching is too limited to
> be actually helpful.
> This patch updates the cache release path so that the batching is
> asynchronous and global. All SLAB_DESTORY_BY_RCU caches are queued
> globally and a work item consumes the list. The work item calls
> rcu_barrier() only once for all caches that are currently queued.
> * release_caches() is removed and shutdown_cache() now either directly
> release the cache or schedules a RCU callback to do that. This
> makes the cache inaccessible once shutdown_cache() is called and
> makes it impossible for shutdown_memcg_caches() to do memcg-specific
> cleanups afterwards. Move memcg-specific part into a helper,
> unlink_memcg_cache(), and make shutdown_cache() call it directly.
> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Reported-by: Jay Vana <jsvana@xxxxxx>
> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <>
> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@xxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>