[PATCH v4 2/2] prctl: propagate has_child_subreaper flag to every descendant

From: Pavel Tikhomirov
Date: Mon Jan 30 2017 - 10:54:48 EST

If process forks some children when it has is_child_subreaper
flag enabled they will inherit has_child_subreaper flag - first
group, when is_child_subreaper is disabled forked children will
not inherit it - second group. So child-subreaper does not reparent
all his descendants when their parents die. Having these two
differently behaving groups can lead to confusion. Also it is
a problem for CRIU, as when we restore process tree we need to
somehow determine which descendants belong to which group and
much harder - to put them exactly to these group.

To simplify these we can add a propagation of has_child_subreaper
flag on PR_SET_CHILD_SUBREAPER, walking all descendants of child-
subreaper to setup has_child_subreaper flag.

In common cases when process like systemd first sets itself to
be a child-subreaper and only after that forks its services, we will
have zero-length list of descendants to walk. Testing with binary
subtree of 2^15 processes prctl took < 0.007 sec and has shown close
to linear dependency(~0.2 * n * usec) on lower numbers of processes.

Moreover, I doubt someone intentionaly pre-forks the children whitch
should reparent to init before becoming subreaper, because some our
ancestor migh have had is_child_subreaper flag while forking our
sub-tree and our childs will all inherit has_child_subreaper flag,
and we have no way to influence it. And only way to check if we have
no has_child_subreaper flag is to create some childs, kill them and
see where they will reparent to.

Using walk_process_tree helper to walk subtree, thanks to Oleg! Timing
seems to be the same.


a) When descendant already has has_child_subreaper flag all his subtree
has it too already.

* for a) to be true need to move has_child_subreaper inheritance under
the same tasklist_lock with adding task to its ->real_parent->children
as without it process can inherit zero has_child_subreaper, then we
set 1 to it's parent flag, check that parent has no more children, and
only after child with wrong flag is added to the tree.

* Also make these inheritance more clear by using real_parent instead of
current, as on clone(CLONE_PARENT) if current has is_child_subreaper
and real_parent has no is_child_subreaper or has_child_subreaper, child
will have has_child_subreaper flag set without actually having a
subreaper in it's ancestors.

b) When some descendant is child_reaper, it's subtree is in different
pidns from us(original child-subreaper) and processes from other pidns
will never reparent to us.

So we can skip their(a,b) subtree from walk.

v2: switch to walk_process_tree() general helper, move
has_child_subreaper inheritance
v3: remove csr_descendant leftover, change current to real_parent
in has_child_subreaper inheritance
v4: small commit message fix

Signed-off-by: Pavel Tikhomirov <ptikhomirov@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
kernel/fork.c | 10 +++++++---
kernel/sys.c | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index 135b7a4..c814e59 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1367,9 +1367,6 @@ static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj;
sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min;

- sig->has_child_subreaper = current->signal->has_child_subreaper ||
- current->signal->is_child_subreaper;

return 0;
@@ -1800,6 +1797,13 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_struct *copy_process(

p->signal->leader_pid = pid;
p->signal->tty = tty_kref_get(current->signal->tty);
+ /*
+ * Inherit has_child_subreaper flag under the same
+ * tasklist_lock with adding child to the process tree
+ * for propagate_has_child_subreaper optimization.
+ */
+ p->signal->has_child_subreaper = p->real_parent->signal->has_child_subreaper ||
+ p->real_parent->signal->is_child_subreaper;
list_add_tail(&p->sibling, &p->real_parent->children);
list_add_tail_rcu(&p->tasks, &init_task.tasks);
attach_pid(p, PIDTYPE_PGID);
diff --git a/kernel/sys.c b/kernel/sys.c
index 842914e..0e4d566 100644
--- a/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/sys.c
@@ -2063,6 +2063,24 @@ static int prctl_get_tid_address(struct task_struct *me, int __user **tid_addr)

+static int propagate_has_child_subreaper(struct task_struct *p, void *data)
+ /*
+ * If task has has_child_subreaper - all its decendants
+ * already have these flag too and new decendants will
+ * inherit it on fork, skip them.
+ *
+ * If we've found child_reaper - skip descendants in
+ * it's subtree as they will never get out pidns.
+ */
+ if (p->signal->has_child_subreaper ||
+ is_child_reaper(task_pid(p)))
+ return 0;
+ p->signal->has_child_subreaper = 1;
+ return 1;
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsigned long, arg2, unsigned long, arg3,
unsigned long, arg4, unsigned long, arg5)
@@ -2214,6 +2232,10 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(prctl, int, option, unsigned long, arg2, unsigned long, arg3,
me->signal->is_child_subreaper = !!arg2;
+ if (!arg2)
+ break;
+ walk_process_tree(me, propagate_has_child_subreaper, NULL);
error = put_user(me->signal->is_child_subreaper,