Re: [PATCH v3 00/24] i.MX Media Driver

From: Philipp Zabel
Date: Tue Jan 31 2017 - 05:11:02 EST

On Mon, 2017-01-30 at 13:06 +0000, Russell King - ARM Linux wrote:
> > The central issue seems to be that I think media pad links / media bus
> > formats should describe physical links, such as parallel or serial
> > buses, and the formats of pixels flowing through them, whereas Steve
> > would like to extend them to describe software transports and in-memory
> > formats.
> This probably isn't the right place to attach this comment in this
> thread, but... the issue of media bus formats matching physical buses
> is an argument that I think is already lost.

It is unfortunate that the parallel format definitions have been reused
for the MIPI logical formats, but I suppose we have to live with that.
Still, I think this is not a reason to open the floodgates and start
describing in-memory formats using MEDIA_BUS_FMT_*

Does at least the combination of logical format and number of lanes
uniquiely describe the physical format?
For the 4-lane LVDS bus formats there are JEIDA/VESA variants where just
the bit ordering is different (MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB888_1X7X4_SPWG,

> For example, take the 10-bit bayer formats:
> #define MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SBGGR10_1X10 0x3007
> #define MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGBRG10_1X10 0x300e
> #define MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SGRBG10_1X10 0x300a
> #define MEDIA_BUS_FMT_SRGGB10_1X10 0x300f
> These are commonly used on CSI serial buses (see the smiapp driver for
> example). From the description at the top of the file, it says the
> 1X10 means that one pixel is transferred as one 10-bit sample.
> However, the format on wire is somewhat different - four pixels are
> transmitted over five bytes:
> P0 P1 P2 P3 P0 P1 P2 P3
> 8-bit 8-bit 8-bit 8-bit 2-bit 2-bit 2-bit 2-bit
> This gives two problems:
> 1) it doesn't fit in any sensible kind of "one pixel transferred as
> N M-bit samples" description because the pixel/sample values
> (depending how you look at them) are broken up.
> 2) changing this will probably be a user visible change, as things
> like smiapp are already in use.
> So, I think what we actually have is the media bus formats describing
> the _logical_ bus format. Yes, one pixel is transferred as one 10-bit
> sample in this case.

Yes. I suppose one way to look at it is that the MIPI CSI-2 specified
formats are representations of corresponding parallel bus formats.

> To help illustrate my point, consider the difference between
> MEDIA_BUS_FMT_RGB565_2X8_LE. RGB565_1X16 means 1 pixel over an effective
> 16-bit wide bus (if it's not 16-bit, then it has to be broken up into
> separate "samples".) RGB565_2X8 means 1 pixel as two 8-bit samples.
> So, the 10-bit bayer is 1 pixel as 1.25 bytes. Or is it, over a serial
> bus. Using the RGB565 case, 10-bit bayer over a 4 lane CSI bus becomes
> interesting:
> first byte 2nd 3rd
> lane 1 P0 9:2 S0 P7 9:2
> lane 2 P1 9:2 P4 9:2 S1
> lane 3 P2 9:2 P5 9:2 P8 9:2
> lane 4 P3 9:2 P6 9:2 P9 9:2
> S0 = P0/P1/P2/P3 least significant two bits
> S1 = P4/P5/P6/P7 least significant two bits
> or 2 lane CSI:
> first byte 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
> lane 1 P0 9:2 P2 S0 P5 P7
> lane 2 P1 9:2 P3 P4 P6 S1
> or 1 lane CSI:
> lane 1 P0 P1 P2 P3 S0 P4 P5 P6 P7 S1 P8 P9 ...

These do look like three different media bus formats to me.