[PATCH RESEND] fs: avoid iterate_supers to trigger call for sync on filesystem during mount

From: Vivek Trivedi
Date: Wed Feb 08 2017 - 06:59:50 EST

It has been observed that apps may block in sys_sync for long time if there
is parallel mount request for large size storage block device in a loaded

For example, sys_sync is reported to be hunged when a large size disk
(e.g. 4TB/8TB disks) is connected. sys_mount may take time for reading large
amount of metedata - free space accounting by reading bitmap during mount.
The larger the volume, the larger the size of the bitmaps read during mount.

During mount operation s_umount lock is taken by sys_mount. The lock is not
released till the mount is completed. The sync() process keeps on waiting till
s_umount is relased by sys_mount.

Process1 Process2
sys_sync() sys_mount()
iterate_supers do_mount()
... vfs_kern_mount()
mount_fs() (Filesystem_mount)
... mount_bdev()
down_write_nested(&s->s_umount, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING); => LOCK HELD by MOUNT
down_read(&sb->s_umount); => WAITING FOR LOCK ...
. ...
. fill_super() -> time TAKING (as per filesystem)
. up_write(&sb->s_umount); => LOCK RELEASE by mount process
. STUCKED TILL MOUNT is completed

Since, the superblock gets added to the list during the mount path alloc_super,
so the 'sb' is visible in the s_list. But the behaviour of waiting to sync() a
filesystem which is not active yet, seems ambigous here.

To avoid this issue, may be we should consider about having to check only
the ACTIVE filesystem for doing operations from the superblock list.
'sb' is valid and referencable as long as part of the s_list and MS_ACTIVE is
set after successful mount and cleared during the umount path from

Fixed a typo and updated the condition in iterate_supers.

Signed-off-by: Vivek Trivedi <t.vivek@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Amit Sahrawat <a.sahrawat@xxxxxxxxxxx>
fs/super.c | 4 ++++
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index b8b6a08..01711a4 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -587,6 +587,10 @@ void iterate_supers(void (*f)(struct super_block *, void *), void *arg)
list_for_each_entry(sb, &super_blocks, s_list) {
if (hlist_unhashed(&sb->s_instances))
+ if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_ACTIVE))
+ continue;