[PATCH] random: warn when kernel uses unseeded randomness

From: Jason A. Donenfeld
Date: Tue Jun 20 2017 - 20:03:15 EST

This enables an important dmesg notification about when drivers have
used the crng without it being seeded first. Prior, these errors would
occur silently, and so there hasn't been a great way of diagnosing these
types of bugs for obscure setups. By adding this as a config option, we
can leave it on by default, so that we learn where these issues happen,
in the field, will still allowing some people to turn it off, if they
really know what they're doing and do not want the log entries.

However, we don't leave it _completely_ by default. An earlier version
of this patch simply had `default y`. I'd really love that, but it turns
out, this problem with unseeded randomness being used is really quite
present and is going to take a long time to fix. Thus, as a compromise
between log-messages-for-all and nobody-knows, this is `default y`,
except it is also `depends on DEBUG_KERNEL`. This will ensure that the
curious see the messages while others don't have to.

Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@xxxxxxx>
Hi Ted,

This patch is meant to replace d06bfd1989fe97623b32d6df4ffa6e4338c99dc8,
which is currently in your dev tree. It switches from using `default y`
and `depends on DEBUG_KERNEL` to using the more simple `default DEBUG_KERNEL`.
This kind of change I think should satisfy most potential objections, by
being present for those who might find it useful, but invisble for those
who don't want the spam.

If you'd like to replace the earlier commit with this one, feel free. If
not, that's fine too.


drivers/char/random.c | 15 +++++++++++++--
lib/Kconfig.debug | 15 +++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/char/random.c b/drivers/char/random.c
index 3853dd4f92e7..fa5bbd5a7ca0 100644
--- a/drivers/char/random.c
+++ b/drivers/char/random.c
@@ -288,7 +288,6 @@
#define SEC_XFER_SIZE 512
#define EXTRACT_SIZE 10


#define LONGS(x) (((x) + sizeof(unsigned long) - 1)/sizeof(unsigned long))

@@ -1481,7 +1480,7 @@ void get_random_bytes(void *buf, int nbytes)
__u8 tmp[CHACHA20_BLOCK_SIZE];

if (!crng_ready())
printk(KERN_NOTICE "random: %pF get_random_bytes called "
"with crng_init = %d\n", (void *) _RET_IP_, crng_init);
@@ -2075,6 +2074,12 @@ u64 get_random_u64(void)
return ret;

+ if (!crng_ready())
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "random: %pF get_random_u64 called "
+ "with crng_init = %d\n", (void *) _RET_IP_, crng_init);
batch = &get_cpu_var(batched_entropy_u64);
if (use_lock)
read_lock_irqsave(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
@@ -2101,6 +2106,12 @@ u32 get_random_u32(void)
if (arch_get_random_int(&ret))
return ret;

+ if (!crng_ready())
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "random: %pF get_random_u32 called "
+ "with crng_init = %d\n", (void *) _RET_IP_, crng_init);
batch = &get_cpu_var(batched_entropy_u32);
if (use_lock)
read_lock_irqsave(&batched_entropy_reset_lock, flags);
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index e4587ebe52c7..41cf12288369 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1209,6 +1209,21 @@ config STACKTRACE
It is also used by various kernel debugging features that require
stack trace generation.

+ bool "Warn when kernel uses unseeded randomness"
+ default DEBUG_KERNEL
+ help
+ Some parts of the kernel contain bugs relating to their use of
+ cryptographically secure random numbers before it's actually possible
+ to generate those numbers securely. This setting ensures that these
+ flaws don't go unnoticed, by enabling a message, should this ever
+ occur. This will allow people with obscure setups to know when things
+ are going wrong, so that they might contact developers about fixing
+ it.
+ Say Y here, unless you simply do not care about using unseeded
+ randomness and do not want a potential warning message in your logs.
bool "kobject debugging"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL