Re: [Intel-gfx] [PATCH v9 5/7] vfio: Define vfio based dma-buf operations

From: Gerd Hoffmann
Date: Fri Jun 23 2017 - 03:27:17 EST


> Is this only going to support accelerated driver output, not basic
> modes for BIOS interaction?

Right now there is no vgabios or uefi support for the vgpu.

But even with that in place there still is the problem that the display
device initialization happens before the guest runs and therefore there
isn't an plane yet ...

> > Right now the experimental intel patches throw errors in case no
> > plane
> > exists (yet).ÂÂMaybe we should have a "bool is_enabled" field in
> > the
> > plane_info struct, so drivers can use that to signal whenever the
> > guest
> > has programmed a valid video mode or not (likewise for the cursor,
> > which doesn't exist with fbcon, only when running xorg).ÂÂWith that
> > in
> > place using the QUERY_PLANE ioctl also for probing looks
> > reasonable.
> Sure, or -ENOTTY for ioctl not implemented vs -EINVAL for no
> available
> plane, but then that might not help the user know how a plane would
> be
> available if it were available.

So maybe a "enum plane_state" (instead of "bool is_enabled")? So we
can clearly disturgish ENABLED, DISABLED, NOT_SUPPORTED cases?

> > Yes, I'd leave that to userspace.ÂÂSo, when the generation changes
> > userspace knows the guest changed the plane.ÂÂIt could be a
> > configuration the guest has used before (and where userspace could
> > have
> > a cached dma-buf handle for), or it could be something new.
> But userspace also doesn't know that a dmabuf generation will ever be
> visited again,

kernel wouldn't know either, only the guest knows ...

> so they're bound to have some stale descriptors.ÂÂAre
> we thinking userspace would have some LRU list of dmabufs so that
> they
> don't collect too many?ÂÂEach uses some resources,ÂÂdo we just rely
> on
> open file handles to set an upper limit?

Yep, this is exactly what my qemu patches are doing, keep a LRU list.
> > > What happens to
> > > existing dmabuf fds when the generation updates, do they stop
> > > refreshing?ÂÂ
> >
> > Depends on what the guest is doing ;)
> >
> > The dma-buf is just a host-side handle for the piece of video
> > memory
> > where the guest stored the framebuffer.
> So the resources the user is holding if they don't release their
> dmabuf
> are potentially non-trivial.

Not really. Host IGD has a certain amount of memory, some of it is
assigned to the guest, guest stores the framebuffer there, the dma-buf
is a host handle (drm object, usable for rendering ops) for the guest
framebuffer. So it doesn't use much ressources. Some memory is needed
for management structs, but not for the actual data as this in the
video memory dedicated to the guest.

> > Ok, if we want support multiple regions.ÂÂDo we?ÂÂUsing the offset
> > we
> > can place multiple planes in a single region.ÂÂAnd I'm not sure
> > nvidia
> > plans to use multiple planes in the first place ...
> I don't want to take a driver ioctl interface as a throw away, one
> time
> use exercise.ÂÂIf we can think of such questions now, let's define
> how
> they work.ÂÂA device could have multiple graphics regions with
> multiple
> planes within each region.

I'd suggest to settle for one of these two. Either one region and
multiple planes inside (using offset) or one region per plane. I'd
prefer the former. When going for the latter then yes we have to
specify the region. I'd name the field region_id then to make clear
what it is.

What would be the use case for multiple planes?

cursor support? We already have plane_type for that.

multihead support? We'll need (at minimum) a head_id field for that
(for both dma-buf and region)

pageflipping support? Nothing needed, query_plane will simply return
the currently visible plane. Region only needs to be big enough to fit
the framebuffer twice. Then the driver can flip between two buffers,
point to the one qemu should display using "offset".

> Do we also want to exclude that device
> needs to be strictly region or dmabuf?ÂÂMaybe it does both.

Very unlikely IMHO.

> Or maybe
> it supports dmabuf-ng (ie. whatever comes next).

Possibly happens some day, but who knows what interfaces we'll need to
support that ...

> > vfio_device_query {
> > ÂÂÂÂu32 argsz;
> > ÂÂÂÂu32 flags;
> > ÂÂÂÂenum query_type;ÂÂ/* or use flags for that */

> We don't have an infinite number of ioctls

The limited ioctl number space is a good reason indeed.
Ok, lets take this route then.