Re: Detecting page cache trashing state

From: Taras Kondratiuk
Date: Fri Sep 15 2017 - 13:28:37 EST

Quoting Michal Hocko (2017-09-15 07:36:19)
> On Thu 14-09-17 17:16:27, Taras Kondratiuk wrote:
> > Hi
> >
> > In our devices under low memory conditions we often get into a trashing
> > state when system spends most of the time re-reading pages of .text
> > sections from a file system (squashfs in our case). Working set doesn't
> > fit into available page cache, so it is expected. The issue is that
> > OOM killer doesn't get triggered because there is still memory for
> > reclaiming. System may stuck in this state for a quite some time and
> > usually dies because of watchdogs.
> >
> > We are trying to detect such trashing state early to take some
> > preventive actions. It should be a pretty common issue, but for now we
> > haven't find any existing VM/IO statistics that can reliably detect such
> > state.
> >
> > Most of metrics provide absolute values: number/rate of page faults,
> > rate of IO operations, number of stolen pages, etc. For a specific
> > device configuration we can determine threshold values for those
> > parameters that will detect trashing state, but it is not feasible for
> > hundreds of device configurations.
> >
> > We are looking for some relative metric like "percent of CPU time spent
> > handling major page faults". With such relative metric we could use a
> > common threshold across all devices. For now we have added such metric
> > to /proc/stat in our kernel, but we would like to find some mechanism
> > available in upstream kernel.
> >
> > Has somebody faced similar issue? How are you solving it?
> Yes this is a pain point for a _long_ time. And we still do not have a
> good answer upstream. Johannes has been playing in this area [1].
> The main problem is that our OOM detection logic is based on the ability
> to reclaim memory to allocate new memory. And that is pretty much true
> for the pagecache when you are trashing. So we do not know that
> basically whole time is spent refaulting the memory back and forth.
> We do have some refault stats for the page cache but that is not
> integrated to the oom detection logic because this is really a
> non-trivial problem to solve without triggering early oom killer
> invocations.
> [1]

Thanks Michal. memdelay looks promising. We will check it.