Re: [PATCH v2 10/16] iommu: introduce device fault report API

From: Jean-Philippe Brucker
Date: Fri Oct 06 2017 - 05:31:27 EST

Hi Jacob,

On 06/10/17 00:03, Jacob Pan wrote:
> Traditionally, device specific faults are detected and handled within
> their own device drivers. When IOMMU is enabled, faults such as DMA
> related transactions are detected by IOMMU. There is no generic
> reporting mechanism to report faults back to the in-kernel device
> driver or the guest OS in case of assigned devices.
> Faults detected by IOMMU is based on the transaction's source ID which
> can be reported at per device basis, regardless of the device type is a
> PCI device or not.
> The fault types include recoverable (e.g. page request) and
> unrecoverable faults(e.g. access error). In most cases, faults can be
> handled by IOMMU drivers internally. The primary use cases are as
> follows:
> 1. page request fault originated from an SVM capable device that is
> assigned to guest via vIOMMU. In this case, the first level page tables
> are owned by the guest. Page request must be propagated to the guest to
> let guest OS fault in the pages then send page response. In this
> mechanism, the direct receiver of IOMMU fault notification is VFIO,
> which can relay notification events to QEMU or other user space
> software.
> 2. faults need more subtle handling by device drivers. Other than
> simply invoke reset function, there are needs to let device driver
> handle the fault with a smaller impact.
> This patchset is intended to create a generic fault report API such
> that it can scale as follows:
> - all IOMMU types
> - PCI and non-PCI devices
> - recoverable and unrecoverable faults
> - VFIO and other other in kernel users
> - DMA & IRQ remapping (TBD)
> The original idea was brought up by David Woodhouse and discussions
> summarized at
> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@xxxxxxxxx>
> ---
> +int iommu_register_device_fault_handler(struct device *dev,
> + iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler)
> +{
> + if (dev->iommu_fault_param)
> + return -EBUSY;
> + get_device(dev);
> + dev->iommu_fault_param =
> + kzalloc(sizeof(struct iommu_fault_param), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!dev->iommu_fault_param)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + dev->iommu_fault_param->dev_fault_handler = handler;

Since the handler is owned by a device driver, you also need to clean it
up when switching the driver (native->VFIO and VFIO->native), in
iommu_attach_device I suppose.