[PATCH 4.9 072/177] sched/deadline: Make sure the replenishment timer fires in the next period

From: Greg Kroah-Hartman
Date: Mon Dec 18 2017 - 11:01:10 EST

4.9-stable review patch. If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


From: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@xxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 5ac69d37784b237707a7b15d199cdb6c6fdb6780 ]

Currently, the replenishment timer is set to fire at the deadline
of a task. Although that works for implicit deadline tasks because the
deadline is equals to the begin of the next period, that is not correct
for constrained deadline tasks (deadline < period).

For instance:

--------------- %< ---------------
int main (void)
--------------- >% ---------------

# gcc -o f f.c

# trace-cmd record -e sched:sched_switch \
-e syscalls:sys_exit_sched_setattr \
chrt -d --sched-runtime 490000000 \
--sched-deadline 500000000 \
--sched-period 1000000000 0 ./f

# trace-cmd report | grep "{pid of ./f}"

After setting parameters, the task is replenished and continue running
until being throttled:

f-11295 [003] 13322.113776: sys_exit_sched_setattr: 0x0

The task is throttled after running 492318 ms, as expected:

f-11295 [003] 13322.606094: sched_switch: f:11295 [-1] R ==> watchdog/3:32 [0]

But then, the task is replenished 500719 ms after the first

<idle>-0 [003] 13322.614495: sched_switch: swapper/3:0 [120] R ==> f:11295 [-1]

Running for 490277 ms:

f-11295 [003] 13323.104772: sched_switch: f:11295 [-1] R ==> swapper/3:0 [120]

Hence, in the first period, the task runs 2 * runtime, and that is a bug.

During the first replenishment, the next deadline is set one period away.
So the runtime / period starts to be respected. However, as the second
replenishment took place in the wrong instant, the next replenishment
will also be held in a wrong instant of time. Rather than occurring in
the nth period away from the first activation, it is taking place
in the (nth period - relative deadline).

Signed-off-by: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <bristot@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Luca Abeni <luca.abeni@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@xxxxxx>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Romulo Silva de Oliveira <romulo.deoliveira@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Tommaso Cucinotta <tommaso.cucinotta@xxxxxxxx>
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/ac50d89887c25285b47465638354b63362f8adff.1488392936.git.bristot@xxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
kernel/sched/deadline.c | 9 +++++++--
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/kernel/sched/deadline.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/deadline.c
@@ -505,10 +505,15 @@ static void update_dl_entity(struct sche

+static inline u64 dl_next_period(struct sched_dl_entity *dl_se)
+ return dl_se->deadline - dl_se->dl_deadline + dl_se->dl_period;
* If the entity depleted all its runtime, and if we want it to sleep
* while waiting for some new execution time to become available, we
- * set the bandwidth enforcement timer to the replenishment instant
+ * set the bandwidth replenishment timer to the replenishment instant
* and try to activate it.
* Notice that it is important for the caller to know if the timer
@@ -530,7 +535,7 @@ static int start_dl_timer(struct task_st
* that it is actually coming from rq->clock and not from
* hrtimer's time base reading.
- act = ns_to_ktime(dl_se->deadline);
+ act = ns_to_ktime(dl_next_period(dl_se));
now = hrtimer_cb_get_time(timer);
delta = ktime_to_ns(now) - rq_clock(rq);
act = ktime_add_ns(act, delta);