Re: [PATCH v2] gpio: winbond: add driver

From: Maciej S. Szmigiero
Date: Thu Dec 28 2017 - 17:45:21 EST

On 28.12.2017 05:58, William Breathitt Gray wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 27, 2017 at 07:42:21PM +0100, Maciej S. Szmigiero wrote:
>> On 27.12.2017 01:24, William Breathitt Gray wrote:
>>> On Mon, Dec 25, 2017 at 03:48:16PM +0100, Maciej S. Szmigiero wrote:
>> (..)
>>>> All the existing ISA bus drivers seem to depend on CONFIG_ISA_BUS_API
>>>> instead of selecting it but IMHO this is wrong because:
>>>> 1) This Kconfig option doesn't really enable or disable any bus support
>>>> but building of a library of some common boilerplate code.
>>>> Libraries are normally selected by drivers needing them and only provided
>>>> as an user-selectable option if there is a possibility that a out-of-tree
>>>> module would need it,
>>>> 2) On x86_64 this option (or rather, its parent option CONFIG_ISA_BUS)
>>>> cannot be enabled without CONFIG_EXPERT,
>>>> 3) This device isn't really a ISA bus device any more than, for example,
>>>> a 8250 serial port or a PC-style parallel port and these don't need
>>>> that an user explicitly enables "ISA bus support" in his kernel
>>>> configuration.
>>> I can see what you mean about selecting ISA_BUS_API rather than having
>>> it as a dependency for drivers. Part of the reason I added the
>>> CONFIG_EXPERT dependency for CONFIG_ISA_BUS -- as well as having
>>> CONFIG_ISA_BUS_API be a dependency for the drivers themselves -- was to
>>> hide the ISA-style drivers which blindly poke at I/O port addresses,
>>> lest a niave user enable all available drivers and unintentionally brick
>>> their system when the drivers execute.
>>> I think there is still merit in masking dangerous drivers such as this,
>>> since the expected behavior nowadays is for the driver to probe for the
>>> device before poking at memory; since ISA-style communication lacks a
>>> standard method of detecting devices in hardware, these devices
>>> generally pose a danger when loaded by niave users.
>> This driver accesses the same Super I/O chip as w83627ehf hwmon and
>> w83627hf_wdt watchdog drivers.
>> In addition to this, there are loads of other hwmon and watchdog drivers
>> for x86 Super I/Os in the tree, most of them using the same probing and
>> communication style.
>> There are even existing GPIO drivers for some Super I/Os like gpio-it87
>> and gpio-f7188x.
>> None of these drivers need CONFIG_EXPERT to be selected.
>> Also, CONFIG_EXPERT is described as "Configure standard kernel features"
>> and that "[it] allows certain base kernel options and settings to be
>> disabled or tweaked" for "specialized environments".
>> Enabling this driver is not about changing "standard kernel feature" or
>> a "base kernel option [or] setting".
> I'm sorry, I didn't make it quite clear in my previous reply. I agree
> with you that CONFIG_EXPERT shouldn't be necessary for this driver -- in
> the end, a select ISA_BUS_API line should be all that's needed to have
> ISA bus driver support for your driver.

My apologies for misunderstanding you.

> My reference to the CONFIG_EXPERT option is for masking options related
> to other ISA-style buses not commonly found in desktop systems. Devices
> like the Super I/O chip wouldn't fall into this category since LPC is
> pretty common and the relevant I/O port addresses are usually well
> known. Ultimately, the Winbond GPIO driver should not need CONFIG_EXPERT
> to be enabled in order to select ISA_BUS_API.

Thanks for the explanation, it is clear for me now what you had on mind.

> William Breathitt Gray

Maciej Szmigiero