Re: cpu stopper threads and load balancing leads to deadlock

From: Mike Galbraith
Date: Wed Apr 18 2018 - 01:48:31 EST

On Tue, 2018-04-17 at 15:21 +0100, Matt Fleming wrote:
> Hi guys,
> We've seen a bug in one of our SLE kernels where the cpu stopper
> thread ("migration/15") is entering idle balance. This then triggers
> active load balance.
> At the same time, a task on another CPU triggers a page fault and NUMA
> balancing kicks in to try and migrate the task closer to the NUMA node
> for that page (we're inside stop_two_cpus()). This faulting task is
> spinning in try_to_wake_up() (inside smp_cond_load_acquire(&p->on_cpu,
> !VAL)), waiting for "migration/15" to context switch.
> Unfortunately, because "migration/15" is doing active load balance
> it's spinning waiting for the NUMA-page-faulting CPU's stopper lock,
> which is already held (since it's inside stop_two_cpus()).
> Deadlock ensues.
> This seems like a situation that should be prohibited, but I cannot
> find any code to prevent it. Is it OK for stopper threads to load
> balance? Is there something that should prevent this situation from
> happening?

I don't see anything to stop the deadlock either, would exclude stop
class from playing idle balancer entirely, though I suppose you could
check for caller being stop class in need_active_balance(). I don't
think any RT class playing idle balancer is particularly wonderful.